Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 60.djvu/141

This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.
133
THE NATIONAL PHYSICAL LABORATORY.

PSM V60 D141 Reichsanstalt div 1 main building.pngReichsanstalt, Division I., Main Building.ties of solid amorphous fluxes and their chemical constitution. When they began their work some six elements only entered into the composition of glass. By 1888 it had been found possible to combine with these in quantities up to about 10 per cent, twenty-eight different elements, and the effect of each of these on the refractive index and dispersion had been measured. Thus for example the investigators found that by the addition of boron the ratio of PSM V60 D141 Reichsanstalt div 2 main building.pngReichsanstalt, Division II., Main Building. the length of the blue end of the spectrum to that of the red was increased; the addition of fluorine, potassium or sodium produced the opposite result. Now in an ordinary achromatic lens of crown and flint, if the total dispersion for the two be the same, then for the flint glass the dispersion of the blue end is greater; that of the red less than for the crown; thus the image is not white, a secondary spectrum is the result. Abbé showed, as Stokes and PSM V60 D141 Reichsanstalt building for large currents and machinery.pngReichsanstalt, Building for Large Currents and Machinery. Harcourt had shown earlier, that by combining a large proportion of boron with the flint its dispersion was made more nearly the same as that of the crown, while by replacing the silicates in the crown glass by phosphates a still better result was obtained, and by the use of three glasses three