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Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 70.djvu/440

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436
THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY

ual—man, lower animal or plant. The social arts are in reality one art. They are the art of employing all other arts in the realization of an ideal social conception. This art might also be called education, since we speak of the education of the race as well as the education of the individual. It might be called government, if that word were not vitiated by its associations. Professor Lester F. Ward employs the word sociocracy. "This general social art," he says, "the scientific control of the social forces by the collective mind of society for its advantage, in strict homology with the practical arts of the industrial world, is what I have hitherto given the name Sociocracy."[1] Call it what we may, this social art is the highest of all the arts. Its end is a perfected humanity. In realizing this end it utilizes all other arts. It is the art of arts. Its application requires the maximum of intelligence and skill. Its potentialities are as yet undreamed of.

The main divisions and subdivisions of the arts having now been passed briefly in review, it will be helpful to bring them together in tabular form. They will stand as follows:

Art 1 Physical Manufacture Handicrafts
Machinofacture Mechanical occupation.
Botanical Agriculture.
2. Vital Horticulture.
Zoological Domestication, breeding and training.
Education.
3. Social Sociocracy.
  1. 'Outlines of Sociology,' New York, 1898, p. 292.