Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 90.djvu/479

This page needs to be proofread.

Popular Science Monthly


��Medicine stains will almost all dis- solve in alcohol.

Mildew can be removed by soaking in Javelle Water (see recipe below), and then hanging in the sunshine. If not all removed the first time repeat the treatment.

Milk can be easily removed while fresh with cold water and soap. After milk has been boiled into goods it is almost impossible to remove, although boiling in Javelle Water (see recipe below) will sometimes help.

Orange stains are best removed by moistening the spot with cold water, and hanging in the bright sunshine.

Paint, if on cotton or linen, should be soaked in turpentine or gasoline. If on silk do not use turpentine; ether will probably dissolve it.

Scorched spots from a hot iron can be removed by moistening the spot with water and hanging in the bright sunshine.

Tea stains are removed in the same way as are chocolate stains.

Varnish spots are removed the same way as are paint spots.

Recipe for Javelle Water: Put one pound of sal soda in two quarts of boiling water, stir till dissolved, add }4 pound of chloride of lime, stir well, let settle, pour off the liquid, being care- ful not to get any of the powder settled out in the bottom. Put in a bottle, cork well, and label. It is safest to dilute this with an equal part of water when using.

��Making a Tap and Die for Emergency Work

ANY amateur, handy with a file, can l\ make an excellent set of taps and dies from ordinary bolts and nuts. Secure a bolt and nut of any size. With file cut three grooves equally distant from each other in the bolt

��Tap and die made of bolt and nut

��thread, as in an ordinary tap, following out the same process in the case of the nut.

The tap and die should be case- hardened, and suitably tempered, which is done by heating them until they be- come red and plunging them suddenly into cold water. A spanner of suitable size will be found necessary for turning the tap. — George H. Holden.

��A Brad Awl Made From a Button Hook

IN CASE the awl has been misplaced or lost, one can be made from the ordinary button hook for shoes. The

���The shank of the button hook is filed to a point after the hook end is cut off

hook part is filed off and the end is sharpened to a point. The handle on the hook makes it convenient to hang it up over the work bench. — Tom Dean.

��A Bulletin Board for Making Sales of Farm Produce

A BULLETIN board erected at the entrance of any farm serves the farmer in many ways. The enterprising farmer can utilize the automobile traffic which passes his place by posting on his bulletin board that he has fresh eggs, butter, and the like for sale. Many auto parties will stop and buy, feeling sure that they are getting the articles per- fectly fresh. — Ira R. Alexander.

��An Emergency Mallet Made From a Broomstick

A QUICKLY constructed mallet can be made by utilizing the remains of an old broom- stick. The stick of the broom should be cut off to the length de- sired (about the size of an ordinary hammer). The head of the mallet is cut from 4 in. square lumber, such as oak or maple, or in fact any hard wood. Drill a i-in. hole through the head and drive the handle in.

���A broom stick and block make a very good mallet

��Waste Scrap Leather Used for Shoe Soles

A PATENT has been granted on a method of utilizing waste leather scraps about a shoe manufactory in the making of cheap soles. The scraps are notched along the edges, so that mortises are formed. These mortises fit into each other, making a fairly rigid single piece of leather.

�� �