Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 91.djvu/586

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��Popular Science Monthly

���Note the engine cylinders under the tender. They increase the drawbar pull of the engine irom forty-six thousand pounds, which is the power of the ordinary engine, to sixty-four thousand

��Putting Driving Wheels Under the Locomotive Tender

TO climb a steep stretch of track sixty- nine miles long on the Southern Rail- road between Asheville, N. C, and Hayne, S. C, seven giant locomotives, with driving wheels under the tender as well as under the cab and boiler, are used. This novel ar- rangement makes it possible for a single engine to have no less than sixteen driving wheels, giving it a tractive power much greater than that of the ordinary locomotive. By mounting tender-tanks upon the machinery of discarded locomotives, and by utilizing the frames, cylinders, wheels, axles, side-rods and valves of scrapped engines, the expense involved was reduced to its lowest terms. The tender has its own pair of cylinders, and flexible piping carries the steam from the main boiler. The "duplex engine," as it is called, has a drawing power of sixty-four thousand pounds, as against forty-six thou- sand pounds for the single en- gine formerly used. The speed of this type of en- gine is also propor- tionately greater than that of other types.

��A Little Bit of Egypt on a California Ostrich Farm

WHAT! Has the hand of the West desecrated and commercialized the historic pyramids of Egypt? Does the over-decorated entrance shown in the illustration below, with its advertising signs printed in English and just visible behind one of the columns, mean that the ancient Pharaoh has been ousted from his last resting place? Not necessarily. A second glance at the photograph will doubt- less reveal the fact that the object is only a small building with pyramidal outline and decorations suggestive of Egypt.

It is used as an exhibition room on an ostrich farm in California. Here the ostrich breeding industry is explained in detail to the interested visitor, and ostrich plumes are sold. The effect is picturesque and thoroughly Egyptian, especially when the ostriches are taking their exercise over the grounds. Ostricji eggs are also sold here. \ They are consid-

ered rare dain- ^v^^ ties by epi-

cures.

���An exhibition room in California, where the products of an ostrich farm are displayed. It borrows its construction from the Pyramids and symbolic structures of ancient Egypt

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