Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 91.djvu/678

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Who's Who and What's What in the Army

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1 — Infantry Insignia 2— Cavalry 3— Field Artillery 4 — Coast Artillery 5 — Engineer'Corps

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��6 — Signal Corps 7 — Aviation Section 8 — Ordnance Department 9 — Quartermaster Corps 10— Medical Corps

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11— Dental Corps 12 — Veterinary Corps 13 — General Officers of the Line 14 — General Staff Officers 15 — Adjutant General's Department

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� ��We now come to the subdivision upon which the entire theory of army organization is based. It is the infantry regiment which advances and wrests contested territory from the enemy. The other arms are subordinate to the infantry and are built up only with an eye to assisting the infantry in these tactics in any way circumstances may suggest. The battal- ions making up the infantry regiment are in charge of a major

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��At the bottom of every army is the private, and the group of six or eight privates which make up the squad. No group of men can be together without one of them being responsible. The corporal, who is simply some designated soldier in the squad, is a general leading a small army. He in turn is subject to the orders of the platoons commanders, who are lieutenants and sergeants. A captain commands the company

��The War Department an- nounced recently that a change was to take place in our army organization. The large units of th 2 old organization were too un- wieldy for trench warfare and they have been broken up into smaller ones, more flexible and easier to command. This explains the new army corps unit in the present system

����The automobile has had a tremendous influence in making present-day warfare as mighty as it is. Supplies are now brought up in great motor-trucks four times faster than they could be with army mules

��Shoulder straps which commissioned officers wear: 1. General; 2, Lieu- tenant General; 3, Major General; 4, Brigadier General; 5, Colonel;

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