Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 91.djvu/701

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Popular Science Monthly Medical Men in the Army — Thous- ands of Them Are Needed

WHEN Uncle Sam sends his fighting forces to the front he will require the services of 24,000 officers and 120,000 enlisted men for the Army Medical and Sanitary Corps. It has been estimated that the army will need two out of every nine physicians in the country.

The average number of physicians receiving orders has been about two hundred a day. As fast as accommoda- tions are ready these medical officers are sent to training camps. They go ahead of the troops in order that sanitary preparations may be made for the men.

The medical training camps at Fort Riley, Fort Benjamin Harrison and Fort Oglethorpe take care of 1,000 student of- ficers and 1,800 enlisted men. Besides these each camp has four ambulance companies, four field hospitals and one evacuation company. That colored troops may have their own medical officers there is a training camp for colored medi- cal and sanitary detachments.

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����Packing Chocolate in Sausage-Links for Italian Soldiers

EXPERIENCE has proved that the most economical and convenient method of preparing chocolate for the use of soldiers is to pack it in sausage-links. The chocolate, mixed with sugar, is poured directly from the crusher-mill in which the cocoa bean is crushed, into the pendant sausage casing and tied up so that it looks exactly like a small sau- sage. It soon hardens and may be carried in the pocket or stored for almost any length of time without becoming stale.

The chocolate sausage is considered by the Italians as an essen- tiaLwhen campaign- ing. It is used either for the purpose of making instantly a nutritious beverage or for eating, like candy, on a long, dinnerless march.

���Dietitians give chocolate a high rank for its nutrition. This is how it is prepared for the Italian soldiers so that it will not melt

��The gasoline engine drives the machine ahead and the forked spades work the ground, while you simply take the plow handles and steer

A Spading Machine Which Makes Patriotic Gardening Worth While

THE average man who works during the day finds the home garden a big undertaking, unless he has a gasoline spading machine like the one recently rigged up in New Jersey by Raymond D. Jamesson. With it the plow- ing and spading are done in one-fifth the usual time and without the usual backache. A small gasoline engine is mounted on a light framework, and this is geared up with the two spurred driving wheels. Another gearing is connected with the pivoted fork spades so that the prongs of these are given a reciprocating motion. All you have to do, therefore, is-to take the plow handles and steer the machine; the eight horse- power engine will drive it; the spades will dig up the ground ; the forks will break up the clods of earth, and a special device will open up the furrow. On the return trip this same device will cover over the seeds and the center wheel will press them down. The hand spade method is ancient compared with this.

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