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Page:Provincial geographies of India (Volume 1).djvu/22

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Province, which in 1901 was severed from it and formed into a separate administration, of the small area recently placed directly under the government of India on the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi, and of the native states in political dependence on the Panjab Government. It will also be convenient to include Kashmir and the tribal territory beyond the frontier of British India which is politically controlled from Peshawar. The whole tract covers ten degrees of latitude and eleven of longitude. The furthest point of the. Kashmir frontier is in 37° 2' N., which is much the same as the latitude of Syracuse. In the south-east the Panjab ends at 27° 4' N., corresponding roughly to the position of the southernmost of the Canary Islands. Lines drawn west from Peshawar and Lahore would pass to the north of Beirut and Jerusalem respectively. Multan and Cairo are in the same latitude, and so are Delhi and Teneriffe. Kashmir stretches eastwards to longitude 8o° 3' and the westernmost part of Waziristan is in 69° 2' E.

Distribution of Area.—The area dealt with is roughly 253,000 square miles. This is but two-thirteenths of the area of the Indian Empire, and yet it is less by only 10,000 square miles than that of Austria-Hungary including Bosnia and Herzegovina. The area consists of:

sq. miles

(1) The Panjab 97,000
(2) Native States dependent on Panjab Government . . 36,500
(3) Kashmir 81,000
(4) North West Frontier Province 13. 000
(5) Tribal territory under the political control of the Chief

Commissioner of North West Frontier Province, roughly 25,500

Approximately 136,000 square miles may be classed as highlands and 117,000 as plains, and these may be distributed as follows over the above divisions: