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Page:Provincial geographies of India (Volume 1).djvu/226

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[ch. xxi

faithful to prayer, the tomb of the Emperor Altamsh (1238), and the great gateway built in 1310 by Ala ud din Khalji. In the second period, named after the house that occupied the imperial throne when it began, all traces of Hindu influence have vanished, and the buildings display the austere and massive grandeur suited to the faith of the desert prophet unalloyed by foreign elements. This style in its beginning is best seen in the cyclopean

Fig. 78 Tomb of Emperor Tughlak Shah.

ruins of Tughlakabad and the tomb of the Emperor Tughlak Shah, and in some mosques in and near Delhi. Its latest phase is represented by Sher Shah's mosque in the Old Fort or Pur ana Kila' . To some the simple grandeur of this style will appeal more strongly than the splendid, but at times almost effeminate, beauty of the third period. Noted examples of Moghal architecture in the Panjab are to be found in Shahjahan's red fort