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Page:Provincial geographies of India (Volume 1).djvu/351

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CITIES

again through the City and to leave it by the Delhi Gate. Humayun's tomb, an early and simple, but striking, specimen of Moghal architecture, is reached at a distance of four miles along the Mathra road. Outside the City the road first leaves on the left side the ruined citadel of Firoz Shah containing the second Asoka pillar. North and south of this citadel the town of Firozabad once lay. It ended where the Purana Kila' or Old Fort, the work of Sher Shah and Humayun, now stands, a conspicuous object from the road about three miles from Delhi. The red sandstone gateway very narrow in proportion to its height is a noble structure, and within the walls is Sher Shah's mosque. The fort and mosque are the last important works of the second or Tughlak period. Hindus call the site of the Old Fort, Indarpat. If any part of Delhi has a claim to antiquity it is this, for it is alleged to be one of the five "pats" or towns over which the war celebrated in the Mahabharata was waged. A recent cleaning of part of the interior of the fort brought to light bricks belonging to the Gupta period. From Humayun's tomb a cross road leads to the Gurgaon road and the Kutb. But the visitor who has seen enough of buildings for the day may proceed further down the Mathra road and reach the headworks of the Agra Canal at Okhla by a side road. The view looking back to Delhi up the Jamna is fine.

The Kutb Minar.— Starting for the Kutb from Humayun's tomb (page 207) the Dargah of the great Chisti saint and political intriguer, Nizam ud din Aulia, is passed on the left. He died in 1324 a.d. Just at the point where the cross road meets the Gurgaon road is the tomb of Safdar Jang, the second of the Nawab Wazirs of Oudh. He died after the middle of the eighteenth century, and the building is wonderfully good considering that it is one of the latest important monuments of the Moghal period. Six miles to