Page:Robert the Bruce and the struggle for Scottish independence - 1909.djvu/109

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1296 A.D.]
The Reign of John de Balliol.

moved successively from Wissant to Cambrai, from Cambrai to Chatillon, and from Chatillon to a castle belonging to the abbot of Cluni, whence he was forbidden to remove without special leave. But in 1302 he was allowed to return to his paternal estates in Picardy, where he lived till his death, which did not take place before 1315.[1]

King Edward advanced as far north as Elgin. Strict discipline was maintained in his forces; no private plundering was allowed, for it was now his rôle to conciliate a conquered people. But in token of the complete subjection of the country, the King caused the Coronation Stone to be removed from Scone to Westminster, where it has remained to this day.[2] Besides this, he caused to be sent to London a number of the national jewels, relics, etc.; and, most important of all, one large, and two small

  1. Stevenson, Introduction, xlix.
  2. The Scottish Stone of Destiny is a small block of red sandstone with a few imbedded pebbles, which may now be seen under the coronation chair of British Sovereigns in Westminster Abbey. It was associated with the mythical origin of the Scottish nation, being reported to have served the patriarch Jacob as a pillow, to have been taken next to Spain, where it made the justice seat of Gathelus, the contemporary of Moses. This worthy was said to have married Scota the daughter of Pharaoh and was reputed the eponymus of the Gaedhal or Gael. With the Gaels it was brought to Ireland, whence Fergus, first King of Dalriadic Scots removed it to Dunstaffnage in Argyleshire. Kenneth II. removed it with him to Scone, and all the Scottish kings were crowned on it till 1293. In carrying it to Westminster, Edward, no doubt, hoped for the fulfilment of an ancient prophecy, that wherever the Stone of Destiny went, the monarchy of Scotland would go also. And so it has, but not in the sense that Edward supposed.