Page:Robert the Bruce and the struggle for Scottish independence - 1909.djvu/385

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1328 A.D.]

Campaign of Weardale.


4. For these causes and in order to make reparation for the ravages committed in England by the Scots, the King of Scots shall pay 30,000 marks (£20,000) to the King of England, to be paid at the rate of 10,000 marks annually on St. John's day.[1]

5. Restitution shall be made of the possessions belonging to ecclesiastics in either kingdom, whereof they may have been deprived during the war.

6. But there shall not be any restitution made of inheritances which have fallen into the hands of the King of England or of the King of Scots, by reason of the war between the two nations, or through the forfeiture of previous possessors.

7. But Thomas Lord Wake of Liddel, Henry de Beaumont Earl of Buchan,[2] and Henry de Percy[3] shall be restored to their lordships, lands and estates, whereof the King of Scots, by reason of the war between the two nations, had taken possession.

8. Johanna, sister of the King of England, shall be given in marriage to David, the son and heir of the King of Scots.

9. The King of Scots shall provide the Princess Johanna in a jointure of £2000 yearly, secured on lands and rents, according to a reasonable estimation.[4]

10. If either of the parties fail in performing the conditions of this treaty, he shall pay 2000 pounds of silver into the Papal treasury.

Perhaps the first point in these articles to strike the mind of the modern reader is the evidence of the enormous political power of the Church of Rome, notwithstanding the adversity which had overtaken the Pope, and driven him to take refuge for many years at Avignon. Ecclesiastics of the stamp of

  1. The anniversary of the battle of Bannockburn.
  2. An heir parcener of the deceased Earl of Buchan in right of his wife.
  3. The lands of Henry de Balliol in Galloway and Angus had been bought by de Percy.
  4. Per rationabilem extentam (Foedera) that is, according to a new inquest and valuation of the Crown lands, which had greatly fallen in value during the war.