Page:Robert the Bruce and the struggle for Scottish independence - 1909.djvu/49

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1286 A.D.]

The Making of Scotland.


2. Robert de Brus, son of No. 1, married Agnes, daughter of Fulk Pagnel of Carlton. He became a friend of David I. of Scotland at the Court of Henry I. of England, and subsequently received from David a grant of Annandale, extending from the borders of Dunegal, Celtic chief of Nithsdale, to those of the Earl of Cumberland.[1] Before the battle of the Standard, 1138, he renounced his Scottish fief of Annandale, perhaps in favor of his son, and, having vainly tried to dissuade King David from fighting, joined the forces of King Stephen. He died in 1141.

3. Robert de Brus, second Lord of Annandale, was the second son of No. 2, whence he was known as le Meschin, the cadet, or stripling. If he did not, as the story goes, receive Annandale for refusing to desert David's cause at the battle of the Standard, the lordship must have been subsequently restored to him in the confirmation granted by William the Lion in 1166, wherein the fee is fixed at the service of a hundred knights. His chief house was Lochmaben. His elder brother, Adam, succeeded to his father's lands in Yorkshire, and from this point the English and Scottish houses of de Brus diverge, though le Meschin remained an English baron as well as a Scottish one, for his father made over to him the manor of Hert in the bishopric of Durham. He

    probably the first lord of Annandale. This Adelme, if he ever existed, must have been father of David's friend, Robert de Brus, Lord of Annandale. But, as usual in the work referred to, no reference is given to any authority for this view.

  1. Charter, c. 1124.