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Page:Sacred Books of the East - Volume 21.djvu/79

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SKILFULNESS.

causes in themselves they do so by means of skilfulness, by the display of knowledge, by arguments, reasons, fundamental ideas, interpretations, and suggestions. By a variety of skilfulness they are able to release creatures that are attached to one point or another. The'TathSgatas, &c, .5£riputra, have acquired the highest perfection in skilfulness and the display of knowledge ; they are endowed with wonderful properties, such as the display of free and unchecked knowledge; the powers 1 ; the absence of hesitation;^ the independent conditions 2 ; the strength of the organs ; the constituents of Bodhi 3 ; the contemplations ; emancipations 4 ; meditations ; the degrees of concentration of mind. The TathSgatas, &c, .Sariputra, are able to expound various things and have something wonderful and marvellous. Enough, .SSriputra, let it suffice to say, that the Tath£gatas, &c, have something extremely

Here will be meant the ten powers, whence the epithet of Dajabala applied to a Buddha; they are enumerated in S. Hardy's Manual, p. 379. Other enumerations count four, five, or seven powers.

Or rather, the uncommon, not vulgar properties which distinguish the saints from the vulgar; these dvewikadharmas, also called buddhadharmas, are eighteen in number; S. Hardy's Manual, p. 381.

The seven Bodhyahgas, viz. recollection, investigation, energy, joyfulness, calm, contemplation, and equanimity.

Vimoksha,  vimukti, for which see Burnouf's Appendix to the Lotus, p. 824 sqq. According to the view there expressed the eight Vimokshas are as many states of intellect which the thinking sage is going through in his effort to emancipate himself from the versatile world; cf. Lotus, p. 543. There is also a threefold Vimoksha, mentioned by Childers, Pall Diet., p. 270; it may be compared with the threefold  kitta-vimukti in the Yoga system; see Comm. on YogarSstra, 2, 27.