PRINCIPLE OF RELATIVITY
This is the sense of Lorentz's hypothesis about the contraction of electrons in ease of motion. On the other hand, if we conceive the second electron to be at rest, and therefore adopt the system (x', t') then the cross-section P'P' of the strip of the electron parallel to OC' is to be regarded as its length and we shall find the first electron shortened with reference to the second in the same proportion, for it is,
Lorentz called the combination t' of (t and x) as the local time (Ortszeit) of the uniformly moving electron, and used a physical construction of this idea for a better comprehension of the contraction-hypothesis. But to perceive clearly that the time of an electron is as good as the time of any other electron, i.e. t, i' are to be regarded as equivalent, has been the service of A. Einstein [Ann. d. Phys. 891, p. 1905, Jahrb. d. Radis... 4-4-1 1—1907] There the concept of time was shown to be completely and unambiguously established by natural phenomena. But the concept of space was not arrived at, either by Einstein or Lorentz, probably because in the case of the above-mentioned spatial transformations, where the (x', y') plane coincides with the x-t plane, the significance is possible that the x-axis of space some-how remains conserved in its position.
We can approach the idea of space in a corresponding manner, though some may regard the attempt as rather fantastical.
According to these ideas, the word "Relativity-Postulate" which has been coined for the demands of invariance in the group G, seems to be rather inexpressive for a true understanding of the group Gc, and for further progress.