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174 SAMUEL JOHNSON

rational to hope that intellectual greatness should produce better effects; that minds qualified for great attainments should first endeavour their own benefit ; and that they who are most able to teach others the way to happiness, should with most certainty follow it themselves.

But this expectation, however plausible, has been very frequently disappointed. The heroes of literary as well as civil history have been very often no less remarkable for what they have suffered, than for what they have achieved ; and volumes have been written only to enumerate the miseries of the learned, and relate their unhappy lives and untimely deaths.

��FROM " SWIFT"

WHEN Swift is considered as an author, it is just to estimate his powers by their effects. In the reign of Queen Anne he turned the stream of popularity against the whigs, and must be confessed to have dictated for a time the political opinions of the English nation. In the succeeding reign he delivered Ireland from plunder and oppression ; and showed that wit, confederated with truth, had such force as authority was unable to resist. He

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