ccxxiv UNITED STATES Utah, and Wyoming the right to vote at general elections is restricted to males of 21 years of age and over. "Women are entitled to suffrage in some form, mainly on questions of taxation and the selection of school officers, in Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Wash- ington, and Wisconsin, In Colorado, Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming women have full suffrage, and vote for all officers, including presidential electors. In Utah women suffrage is a constitutional privilege. The Australian ballot, or some modification of it, has been adopted in all the States except North Carolina and South Carolina ; it is not used in the Territories of Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. Voters must register in order to be able to cast their suffrage in nearly all the States ; it is not required in Indiana and Oregon, and is prohibited by the constitutions of Arkansas and West Virginia. In Vermont no registration is required, but the citizen must take what is called the free- men's oath before his first act of suffrage. In Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Maine, Missouri, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin registra- tion is required in city but not State elections. Labor Legislation [From Second Special Report of U. S. Commissioner of Labor] ANTI-BOYCOTTING AND ANTI-BLACKLISTING LAWS The States having laws prohibiting boycotting in terms are Colorado, Illinois, and AVisconsin. The States having laws prohibiting blacklisting in terms are Alabama, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin. The following States have laws which may be fairly construed as pro- hibiting boycotting : Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hamp- shire, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and Wisconsin. The following States have laws which may be fairly construed as pro- hibiting blacklisting: Georgia, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, and South Dakota. In the following States it is unlawful for any employer fco exact an agreement, either written or verbal, from an employee not to join or be- come a member of any labor organization, as a condition of employment : California, Colorado, Idaho, Indiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. EIGHT-HOUR LAWS California. — Eight hours of labor constitute a day's work, unless it is otherwise expressly stipulated by the parties to a contract. A stipulation that eight hours of labor constitute a day's work must be made a part of all contracts to which the State or any municipal corporation therein is a party. But in the case of drivers, conductors, and gripmen of street-cars for the carriage of passengers, a day's work consists of twelve hours. Employment of minor children for more than eight hours per day is abso-
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