Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/956

This page needs to be proofread.


600

GERMAN EMPIRE

housing, &c., incurred after the frontier is passed. For exports, the price includes all charges within the territory, but does not include export duties, nor are drawbacks or bounties taken into account. The quantities are determined according to obligatory declarations, and, for imports, the fiscal authorities may actually weigh the goods. For packages, an oflScial tare is deducted. The country of origin of imports, and the ultimate destination of exports are registered.

Custoihs duties are levied* on imports, and taxes upon spirits, beer (malt), salt, sugar manufactured from beetroot, and tobacco, &c. Since 1879 Germany has been protectionist in her commercial policy. Of the total imports in 1897, the value of 2,553,524,000 marks was subject to duty, and 2,311,120,000 duty-free. The duties levied amounted to 474,889,826 marks, or 18 '6 per cent, of the vahie of the imports subject to duty.

The combined imports of gold and silver (included in the above) amounted to 233,552,000 and 227,989,000 marks for 1896 ; 168,068,000 and 150,881,000 marks for 1897.

Some of the leading imports and exports under the above heads were, in thousands of marks value, as follows in 1897 : —

1,000 Marks

1,000 Marks

1,000 Marks

g I'Horses . « I Swine 2 Wheat . a iRye. . .

84,500

7,159

173,698

80,283

Barley

Coffee (raw) . Petroleum Raw hides

120,618

160,368

75,107

136,547

Cotton (raw) Wool .

Woollen yarn . Raw silk .

243,221

218,713

99,128

89,460

„ Hops g Sugar . o-^Coal and coke. X 1 Aniline dyes . W ^Wooden goods.

23,876

229,898

170,085

67,028

63,498

Paper

Leather goods v^otton cloth (coarse) Mixed silk and cot. ton cloth

59,410 74,534 69,078

83,457

Woollen fabrics (unprinted) . Hosiery Haberdashery .

144,430

82,276

115,459

The special commerce of the Deutsche Zollgebiet was divided as follows in 1896 and 1897 :—

Countries

1896

1897

Imports from

Exports to

Imports from

Exports to

German Free Ports .

Great Britain .

Austria- Hungary

Russia ....

Switzerland

Belgium ....

Netherlands

France and Algeria .

Italy ....

Norway and Sweden

Denmark ....

Spain

1,000 Marks

15,801

647,773

578,032

634,671

146,343

175,702

162,632

233,587

137,484

93,109

58,224

35,942

1,000 Marks

40,456

715,946

477,324

364,142

243,953

168,000

262,265

201,553

85,630

127,144

97,417

39,428

1,000 Marks

17,123

661,990

600,293

708,319

158,613

186,512

185,234

248,844

152,981

111,620

60,407

42,118

1,000 Marks

64,374

702,589

435,131

372,064

254,393

189,619

263,862

210,410

90,255

148,435

107,387

29,960