FINANCE — ARMY
Rciclhsgcricht. This court, which has its seat at Munich, has a bench of 18 judges. Subject to its jurisdiction arc 5 Oberlandesgericlite and 28 Land- gerichte.
In 1896 the number of poor receiving relief ^Yas 189,297, the sum ex- pended on them being 8,203,666 marks. Of the total number 110,932 were permanent paupers.
The Bavarian budget is voted for a period of two years. The estimates for each of the years 1896 and 1897 provided for revenue and expenditure of 345,356,505 marks. The sources of revenue and branches of expenditure were estimated as follows for each of the financial years 1898 and 1899 ac- cordinf; to the finance l)ill : —
Sources of Revenue
Branches of Expenditure
Direct taxes .
Indirect taxes .
State railways, post, "j telegraphs, mines, >- &c. . . J
Balance fromformer "1 financial period . /
Total gross revenue
Public debt .
Civil list and appanages .
Council of State
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
, , Justice .
,, AVorship and Education . Pensions and allowances . Contribution to Imperial \ expenditure . / Administration Various expenses .
The direct taxes are a trade-tax, house-tax, land-tax, and income-tax.
The debt of Bavaria amounted at the end of 1897, to 1,415,219,964 marks. Of this amount 1,069,394,800 marks is railway debt. The greater number of the railways in Bavaria, constructed at a cost of 1,068,363,209 marks (end 1892) are the property of the State. For five or six years the annual receipts from the railways have exceeded the charges for the railway debt, in some years by as much as 6,000,000 marks.
The Bavarian army forms an integral part of the Imperial army, having, in peace, its own administration. The military supplies, though voted by the Bavarian Parliament, must bear a fixed proportion to the amount voted for the rest of Germany by the Reichstag (see page 546). The Bavarian troops form the 1st and 2nd Bavarian army-corps, not numbered consecutively with the other German army-cor])S ; and there are certain differences in the matter of uniform permitted to the Bavarian troops. The administration of the fortresses in Bavaria is also in the hands of the Bavarian Government during peace.