Page:The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma (Birds Vol 1).djvu/287

This page needs to be proofread.


I'ELLOKNEUM. "2-io nest is more often placed in grass nearer the ground. The eggs, generally two only in nuniber, sometimes three, are like those of tliat bird, but are pinker or more terra-cotla in tint. I'it'ty e^gs average 20*4 X 15-0 mm.

Habits. Tlio.se of the last bird, iiobinson and Kloss record it from 3,000 feet, Dran, 8. Annaiii.

(249) Pellorneum fuscicapillum fuscicap ilium.

The Brown-capped Babbler.

Dryi))ocatf(p/im fuscicapillus Blytli, J. A. 8. B., xxiii, p. 815 (1849) ,- (S.W. Ceylon').
Pellorneum ficicicapiUum. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 143.

Vernacular names. Batitchia (Ceylon).

Description. Forehead, crown and nape dark chocohite-brown, the shafts fulvous; upper plumage dark olive-brown, the tail tipped narrowly with ochraceous, the feathers of the ^ving-coverts and back with pale shafts, and the edges of the primaries tinged with rufous; lores, sides of the head and neck and whole lower plumage sienna-brown, the sides of the neck and breast with obscure striations on some of the feathers, the siriations some- tiiiies obsolete.

Colours of soft parts. Iris light to deep red; eyelid olivaceous; upper mandible deep brown with a pale margin, lovs^er flesh- colour; legs and feet brownish-fleshy; claws pale brownish (Z-ec^f/t').

Measurements. Total length about 160 to 170 mm.; wing 66 to 72 mm,; tail about 56 to 61mm.; tarsus about 26 to 28 mm.; culmen about 16 mm. Distriljution. South and South- West Ceylon.

Nidification. Mr. W. E. Wait describes the nest as similar to that of Pelloniemn ruficeps, and the eggs also are exactly like rather weakly-marked specimens of that bird's and measure about 22-5 X 16*3 mm. In one clutch there were three eggs, in the others two only. The breeding season appears to be from November to February.

Habits. Legge describes the habits of this Babbler as much like those of the rest of the family. A shy skulker, frequenting thick co'er and feeding on or near the ground. Its note he turns into the syllables " to-meet-you."

(250) Pellorneum fuscicapillum babaulti.

Wells's Babbler.

Scotocichla fuscic(i2)illum babtmlti Wells, Bull. B. 0. 0., xxxix, p. 09 (1919) (Trincomalee).

Vernacular names. Batitchia (Ceylon).

Description. Similar to the last but much paler, especially on the lower parts which are brownish buflt" rather than chestnut. The top of the head is olive-brown instead of blackish.