308 timaliid.t;. rufous shaft-streaks; sides of neck, mantle, back and lesser wing- coverts rufescent brown, with indistinct pale shaft-lines: rump and upper tail-coverts more rufous aiid nnstreaked; primary- coverts black; greater coverts rufous tipped with hoary; quills chestnut, barred with black on the outer webs; innermost rufescent and barred on both webs; the outer webs of the first few primaries more or less ashy; basal portion of tail castaneous, barred with black, the chestnut decreasing in extent on the outer feathers, the other portions black, tipped with white; ear-coverts and lores pale grey; cheeks black, the black continuing back below the ear-coverts; chin, throat and breast fulvous-ashy, turning to ferruginous on the flanks, lower abdomen and i;nder tail-coverts.
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown, eyelid bluish grey; bill brownish black; feet brownish-fleshy, claws livid (iScidl'/).
Measurements. Length about 200 mm.: wing 84 to 91 nun.; tail about 80 to ■'-iomni.; tarsus about 30mm.; culmen 17 to 18mm. As usual with the Timaliiche, the female is decidedly smaller than the male.
Distribution. Xepal, 8ikkim and Bhutan. Nidiflcation. Hodgson notes that this Bar- wing breeds between 4,0(10 and 6.000 feet in Sikkim and Nepal but the nest and eggs he describes in no way resemble iiuj other birds of this group, and judging from the very close connection of this genus with the genus Actinodimi there is possibly some mistake. Other observers sav that in the breeding season they haunt mountains nearer the 8,600-foot levels.
Habits. Jerdon says that it is more arboreal than birds of the last genus and that it feeds chiefly on insects which it obtains from the higher parts of moderate-sized trees, especially those with insect-infested flowers such as rhododendrons. He gives its habitat as from about 7,000 to 10,000 feet upwards.
(327) Ixops nipalensis waldeni.
- Actinodura tcahlcni Godw.-Aust., P. Z. S., 1874, p. 46 (.Japvo Peak,
Niiga Hills). Lrops iraldem'. Plant'. & Oates, i, p. 204.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Feathers of head darker than in the last bird and nnstreaked but with pale edges; the upper plumage is rufous, also nnstreaked; the whole lower plumage is rufous, the feathers of the chin, throat and breast with pale edges, giving a streaked appearance; ear-coverts silvery-grey with line dark centres.
Colours of soft parts. Iris pale grey; bill grey; legs and feet fleshy -brovMi [G'odv'.-Avsi.).
Measurements as in the preceding race.
Distribution. Naga Hills and Manipur.