Page:The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma (Birds Vol 1).djvu/467

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PYCNOXOTUS. 4 21 miicli paler iind with ear-coverts wholly silvery-white. It is much less green both on upper plumage and on wings and tail than pliimosKS.

Colours of soft parts. Iris varies from yellowisti brcwn to red; eyelids plumbeous : bill brown, paler at base oF lower mandible and gape; mouth Hesb-ccilour; legs plumbeous, claws horn-colour. Measurements as in the other races. Wing 85 to 89 mm.; cnlmen about 15 mm.

Distribution. Practically the whole of Burma, North of Ean- goon, the Kachin Hills, North and Central Siaiii, 8lian States and Annam.

Nidification. Siuiilar in every way to that of the last bird. Eggs and nests are indistinguishable and the clutches are the same in number, i.e. two or three. As a series tliev are even more poorly n)arked than those of liobinson's Olive Bulbul, Forty eggs average 20"6 x 15-7 nim. The breeding season must be veiy extended, as eggs have been seut me taken from earlv March to late iVugust and, probably, like most of the common Bulbuls, they breed more or less through- out the year.

Habits. Those of the last bird. They are said to have a very harsh note when disturbed and like all Bulbuls under these cir- cuuistances, erect their crests as they make the call. (•^37) Pycnonotus simplex simplex. Mooke's Olive Bulbul. Pi/cnonotus simplex Less., llev. Zool., 1839, p. 107 (Sumatia); Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 292.

Vernacular names. None recorded.

Description. Upper plumage brown with a greenish tinge, slightly fulvous on the rump and upper tail-coverts; wings and tail brown, the outer webs washed with greenish; whole lo^er plumage huffy-brown, slightly streaked in places with darker ochraceous; under tail-coverts dark ochraceous with paler edges; under wing- coverts and edge of wing pale ochraceous.

Colours of soft parts. Iris orange-red, pale red, whity-pink; upper mandible dark horny-brown, lower mandible paler; legs and feet fleshy- or retldish-brown.

Measurements. About the same as plumosus. Wing 8U to 88 mm.; culmen about 15 mm.

Distribution. Tenasseriu), from Mergui, JSouth through the Malay Peninsula to Sumatra. The Javan form has been separated by Hartert (Nov. Zool. ix, 1902, p. 5(il) as P. priUwitzl and the Bornean form also seems different from the Malay bird.

Nidification. Nests and eggs taken by Mr. Kellow at Simpang in the Malay States were, like those described by Davison, taken in thick jungle in high bushes. They are rather more richly