Page:The Green Bag (1889–1914), Volume 25.pdf/334

This page needs to be proofread.


Index to Periodicals to the structure and working of the whole human society "are confronted by a prevalent idea that beyond the limits of nations, or at least beyond the limits of political organisms like the British Empire, there is political chaos." The value of Mr. Snow's paper is found in the force with which this firmly rooted conception is combated, and the new conception of an inter national community is put in its place as essen tially within the scope of political science. The article should help to correct a distorted view and to fortify any needed readjustment of political theory. "The New Moroccan Protectorate." By Nor man Dwight Harris. 7 American Journal of International Law 245 (Apr.). An interesting study which covers the ground both of the internal politics of Morocco and its relations with France and other powers. See Extradition, International Arbitration, Monroe Doctrine, Naturalization, Panama Canal. Insanity. "Insanity and Criminal Responsi bility." (Report of Committee B of the Insti tute, concluded.) By Edwin R. Keedy. 4 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 67 (May). The report is a compilation of the statutes of the several states with respect to the determina tion of insanity, commitment and discharge of the criminal insane, etc. See Psychology. Japanese Problem. Sec Naturalization. Judicial Recall. Sec Legal History. Judiciary Organization. "The French Judi cial System: Part I, Civil." By C. A. Herreshoff Bartlett. 38 Law Magazine and Review 257 (May). "The French civil judicial system in many respects has its advantage over that of England and the United States, as, for example, in the rapidity in which commercial disputes can be settled and the comparative small expense entailed; in the production of evidence; in the absence of those technical questions on the admission of testimony that fill our law reports, and in pleadings that, although regulated by and confined to well-established rules, are not subject to those interminable controversies with which the English and American lawyer is so familiar. In many other ways, however, such as pressing a judgment debtor, and enforcing a judgment when obtained, French procedure lacks those vigorous methods of pursuit peculiar to Anglo-Saxon procedure, and consequently too often enables an adroit, unprincipled debtor, although capable of liquidating his debt, to easily escape and go scot-free; and in the nonadmissibility in many instances of witnesses, thoroughly familiar with the facts, on the ground of self-interest — that antiquated theory that once prevailed in England and the United States, but which has long since been discarded as unsuitable to the proper administration of justice." See Legal History.

313

Juvenile Delinquency. "A Study of One Hundred Juvenile-Adult Offenders in the Cook County Jail, Chicago, Illinois." By A. P. Drucker. 4 Journal of Criminal Law and Crimi nology 47 (May). "The juvenile-adults are placed without any classification at all. This makes it possible for one accused of murder to become cell-mate to another held for disorderly conduct merely. . . . The prisoners as a whole, and especially the juvenile-adults, are kept altogether too long in the county jail, some being held as long as six months, though this is against the law. This circumstance is due to the following reasons: (1) the attitude of unscrupulous lawyers, who have learned by experience that they can extract more money from their clients by delaying the case; (2) the lack of influence or friends on the part of many young persons; (3) the fact that the grand jury is often unable to complete its work in one month; (4) a paucity of criminal judges." "Mental Types of Juvenile Delinquents, Con sidered in Relation to Treatment." By Clara Harrison Town. 4 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 83 (May). "When it is determined to which group the child belongs, the broad lines of treatment are thereby determined. If he proves to be feeble minded, an institution alone will do; if he is backward or suspected of moral imbecility a pro tracted observation of his case under favorable pedagogical and environmental conditions must be made, and this must be followed by a life under normal conditions or in an institution according to final diagnosis; if he is normal, a change of environment and a chance to develop under favorable conditions must be presented. Within these lines the methods must be adapted to the needs of the individual child." See Penology. Legal History. "The Tenure of English Judges." By C. H. Mcllwain, Harvard Univer sity. 7 American Political Science Review 217 (May). The analogue of the English removal of judges on joint address of the houses of Parliament is not our recall of judges, but more nearly the bill of attainder. The author tries to correct some inaccuracies of legal historians, and shows that English judges held office during good behavior at an earlier date than is frequently asserted. The procedure of removal by joint address has "proved to be very unsatisfactory in operation," and has been actually applied only once, as far back as 1830. "Notes on the History of Commerce and Com mercial Law: I, Antiquity." By Layton B. Register. 61 Univ. of Penn. Law Review 431 (May). "Before Rome the Mediterranean commerce had reached a high state of development, espe cially at the hands of the Phoenicians. However, no law has come down to us until the period of