101 STAT. 1142
PUBLIC LAW 100-180—DEC. 4, 1987 ties, and equipment stationed or located in Japan for each such fiscal year; and (4) the projections for national defense expenditures by Japan directly in support of United States forces stationed in Japan for each such fiscal year.
SEC. 1012. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING JAPAN'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO GLOBAL STABILITY
Afghanistan. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. South Pacific. Cambodia. Vietnam. Persian Gulf.
(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress makes the following findings: (1) The alliance of the United States and Japan is the foundation for the security of Japan and peace in the Far East and is a major contributing factor to the democratic freedoms and economic prosperity enjoyed by both the United States and Japan. (2) Threats to the security of both the United States and Japan have increased significantly since 1976, principally as the result of— (A) the occupation of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union; (B) the continued expansion and buildup of military forces of the Soviet Union (particularly the expansionist efforts by the Soviet Union in the South Pacific and the buildup of the Soviet Pacific fleet); (C) the occupation of Cambodia by Vietnam; and (D) instability in the Persian Gulf region (from which
Japan receives 60 percent of its petroleum and one-third of its total energy requirements). (3) In keeping with the declaration made at the 1983 meeting in Williamsburg, Virginia, of the leaders of the leading industrialized democracies that "the security of our countries is indivisible and must be approached on a global basis", the government of Japan— (A) has raised its defense spending by an average of 5 percent per year since 1981; (B) has rescinded a limit on annual expenditures for defense of 1 percent of the gross national product of Japan; and f • (C) is fulfilling the pledge of Prime Minister Suzuki to defend the territory, airspace, and sea lanes of Japan to a distance of 1,000 miles by 1990. (4) While recognizing and applauding the actions by the government of Japan referred to in paragraph (3), Congress notes that Japan has the second largest gross national product in the world, is a major creditor nation, and has a large private savings rate, but nevertheless lags far behind other industrialized democracies in terms of the percentage of its gross national product that it spends for national defense and programs to promote global security and stability. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that the United States would welcome an initiative by Japan to assume a politically acceptable and significant global security role consistent with its economic status by taking the following actions: (1) Increasing spending for its Official Development Assistance program and its defense programs so that, by 1992, the level of spending by Japan on those programs (stated as a percentage of gross national product) will approximate the aver' age of the levels of spending by the member nations of the North Atleintic Treaty Organization on official development