101 STAT. 1330-94
PUBLIC LAW 100-203—DEC. 22, 1987
amount charged by the supplier, no payment shall be made tf under this part. "(2) A physician may not bill an individual enrolled under this part— "(A) any amount other than any applicable deductible and coinsurance for a diagnostic test for which payment is made pursuant to paragraph (I)(A), or "(B) any amount for a diagnostic test for which payment may not be made pursuant to paragraph (1)(B). "(3) If a physician knowingly and willfully in repeated cases bills one or more individuals in violation of paragraph (2), the Secretary may apply sanctions against such physician or supplier in accordance with section 1842(j)(2).". 42 USC 1395u.
(b) ADJUSTMENT IN MEDICARE PREVAILING CHARGES.—
(1) REVIEW.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall review payment levels under part B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act for diagnostic tests (described in section 1861(s)(3) of such Act, but excluding clinical diagnostic laboratory tests) which are commonly performed by independent suppliers, sold as a service to physicians, and billed by such physicians, in order to determine the reasonableness of payment amounts for such tests (and for associated professional services component of such tests). The Secretary may require physicians and suppliers to provide such information on the purchase or sale price (net of any discounts) for such tests as is necessary to complete the review and make the adjustments under this subsection. The Secretary shall also review the reasonableness of payment levels for comparable in-office diagnostic tests. (2) ESTABLISHMENT OF REVISED PAYMENT SCREENS.—If, as
42 USC 1395u
result of such review, the Secretary determines, after notice and opportunity of at least 60 days for public comment, that the current prevailing charge levels (under the third and fourth sentences of section 1842(b) of the Social Security Act) for any such tests or associated professional services are excessive, the Secretary shall establish such charge levels at levels which, consistent with assuring that the test is widely and consistently available to medicare beneficiaries, reflect a reasonable price for the test without any markup. Alternatively, the Secretary, pursuant to guidelines published after notice and opportunity of at least 60 days for public comment, may delegate to carriers with contracts under section 1842 of the Social Security Act the establishment of new prevailing charge levels under this paragraph. When such charge levels are established, the provisions of section 1842(j)(l)(D) of such Act shall apply in the same manner as they apply to a reduction under section 1842(b)(8)(A) of such Act. (c) EFFECTIVE D A T E S. —
(1) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to diagnostic tests performed on or sifter April 1, 1988. (2) The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall complete the review and make an appropriate adjustment of prevailing charge levels under subsection (b) for items and services furnisheid no later than January 1, 1989.