Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 102 Part 2.djvu/406

This page needs to be proofread.
PUBLIC LAW 100-000—MMMM. DD, 1988

102 STAT. 1410

PUBLIC LAW 100-418—AUG. 23, 1988 (1) the 1986 United States trade deficit with the Republic of Korea was $7,600,000,000; (2) the Republic of Korea has banned beef imports since May 1985; (3) this beef import ban is in contravention of Korea's obligations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and impairs United States rights under such agreement; (4) Korea imposes an unreasonably high 20 percent ad valorem tariff on meat products; and (5) if the Korean beef market were liberalized, the United States, due to comparative advantage, could supply a significant portion of the Korean market for beef, thereby increasing profit opportunities for the United States beef industry while benefiting Korean consumers. Qy) SENSE OP CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that— (1) the Republic of Korea should take immediate action to fulfill its obligations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and permit access to its market for United States beef; (2) the United States should aggressively pursue negotiations to gain access to the Korean market for United States beef; (3) such negotiations, in addition to elimination of the beef import ban, should address the high tariffs set by the Republic of Korea and the means by which imported beef is distributed in Korea; and (4) if the Republic of Korea does not show clear evidence that it is engaging in meaningfid liberalization of its market for United States beef, the United States should use all available and appropriate means to encourage the Republic of Korea to open its market to United States beef imports.

SEC. 4608. UNITED STATES MARKETS.

ACCESS TO

JAPANESE AGRICULTURAL

(a) FINDINGS.—Congress finds that— (1) the United States requested establishment of a panel pursuant to Article XXIQ of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (hereinafter in this section referred to as "GATT") to examine Japanese import restrictions on 12 categories of agricultural products; (2) the GATT panel found that Japanese quantitative restrictions on 10 of the 12 product cat^ories are inconsistent with Article XI of the GATT and recommended that Japan eliminate them or otherwise take action to bring them into conformity with the GATT; and (3) the rationale behind the GATT panel finding can also be applied to other restrictions that Japan maintains on imports from the United States, including— (A) a virtual ban on imports of United States rice; (B) a very restrictive quota on imports of United States beef; and (Q high tariffs and restrictive quotas on imports of United States citrus. (b) SENSE OF CONGBESS.—It is the sense of Congress that— (1) the Government of Japan should immediately take actions to comply with the findings of the GATT panel report; (2) the Government of Japan should immediately liberalize its trade policies by lowering high tariffs and removing quotas on