102 STAT. 2268-40
PUBLIC LAW 100-461—(XT. 1, 1988
sional Electoral Council, is being fully and faithfully adhered to by the Government of Haiti. (b) EXCEPTIONS.—The term "United States assistance" does not include— (1) assistance under chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 insofar as such assistance is provided through private and voluntary organizations or other nongovernmental agencies; (2) assistance which involves the donations of food or medicine; (3) disaster relief assistance (including any assistance under chapter 9 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961); (4) assistance for refugees; (5) assistance under the Inter-American Foundation Act; (6) assistance necessary for the continued financing of education for Haitians in the United States; (7) assistance provided in order to enable the continuation of migrant and narcotics interdiction operations; (8) activities under the National Endowment for Democracy Act; (9) assistance under title IV, chapter 2 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to the Overseas Private Investment Corporation); or (10) assistance under the Peace Corps Act. (c) OTHER SANCTIONS.—It is the sense of the Congress that, in
order to further encourage the Government of Haiti to adhere to the constitutionally mandated transition to democracy, the President should— (1) suspend Haiti's eligibility for benefits under the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act; and (2) seek international cooperation to encourage such adherence by the Government of Haiti through the imposition of an international arms embargo and comprehensive trade and financial sanctions. (d) EFFECT OF FISCAL YEAR 1988 PROGRAMS.—Assistance may be
provided for Haiti during fiscal year 1988 under title IV, chapter 2 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or under the Peace Corps Act notwithstanding section 569 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988. ASSISTANCE FOR PANAMA
22 USC 2151 note.
SEC. 564. (a) Unless the President certifies to Congress that— (1) the Government of Panama has demonstrated substantial progress in assuring civilian control of the armed forces and that the Panama Defense Forces and its leaders have been removed from non-military activities and institutions; (2) an impartial investigation into allegations of illegal actions by members of the Panama Defense Force is being conducted; (3) a satisfactory agreement has been reached between the governing authorities and representatives of the opposition forces on conditions for free and fair elections; and (4) freedom of the press and other constitutional guarantees, including due process of law, are being restored to the Panamanian people;