Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 102 Part 3.djvu/509

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PUBLIC LAW 100-000—MMMM. DD, 1988

PUBLIC LAW 100-496—OCT. 17, 1988

102 STAT. 2461

and to require each of its subcontractors to include such clauses in their subcontracts with each lower-tier subcontractor or supplier. "(d) The clauses required by subsections (b) and (c) of this section shall not be construed to impair the right of a prime contractor or a subcontractor at any tier to negotiate, and to include in their subcontract, provisions which— "(1) permit the prime contractor or a subcontractor to retain (without cause) a specified percentage of each progress payment otherwise due to a subcontractor for satisfactory performance under the subcontract, without incurring any obligation to pay a late payment interest penalty, in accordance with terms and conditions agreed to by the parties to the subcontract, giving such recognition as the parties deem appropriate to the ability of a subcontractor to furnish a performance bond and a payment bond; "(2) permit the contractor or subcontractor to make a determination that part or all of the subcontractor's request for payment may be withheld in accordance with the subcontract agreement; and "(3) permit such withholding without incurring any obligation to pay a late payment penalty if— "(A) a notice conforming to the standards of subsection (g) of this section has been previously furnished to the subcontractor; and "(B) a copy of any notice issued by a prime contractor pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this paragraph has been furnished to the Government. "(e) If a prime contractor, after making application to an agency for payment under a contract but before making a payment to a subcontractor for the subcontractor's performance covered by such application, discovers that all or a portion of the payment otherwise due such subcontractor is subject to withholding from the subcontractor in accordance with the subcontract agreement, then the prime contractor shall— "(1) furnish to the subcontractor a notice conforming to the standards of subsection (g) of this section as soon as practicable upon ascertaining the cause giving rise to a withholding, but prior to the due date for subcontractor payment; "(2) furnish to the Government, as soon as practicable, a copy of the notice furnished to the subcontractor pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection; "(3) reduce the subcontractor's progress payment by an amount not to exceed the amount specified in the notice of withholding furnished under paragraph (1) of this subsection; "(4) pay the subcontractor as soon as practicable after the correction of the identified subcontract performance deficiency, and— "(A) make such payment within— "(i) 7 days after correction of the identified subcontract performance deficiency (unless the funds therefor must be recovered from the Government because of a reduction under paragraph (5)(A)); or "(ii) 7 days after the contractor recovers such funds from the Government; or "(B) incur an obligation to pay a late payment interest penalty computed at the rate specified by section 3902(a) of this title;