Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 104 Part 6.djvu/384

This page needs to be proofread.

104 STAT. 4774 PUBLIC LAW 101-646—NOV. 29, 1990 ing by protecting water quality, is essential to the successful recovery of Great Lakes Basin fishery resources. "(4) The Great Lakes Basin contains important breeding and migration habitat for all types of migratory birds. Many migratory bird species dependent on deteriorating Great Lakes Basin habitat have suffered serious population declines in recent years. "(5) Over 80 percent of the original wetlands in the Great Lakes Basin have been destroyed and such losses continue at a rate of 20,000 acres annually. "(6) Contaminant burdens in the fish and wildlife resources of the Great Lakes Basin are substantial and the impacts of those contaminants on the life functions of important fish and wildlife resources are poorly understood. Concern over the effects of those contaminants on human health have resulted in numerous public health advisories recommending restricted or no consumption of Great Lakes fish. "(7) The lower Great Lakes are uniquely different from the upper Great Lakes biologically, physically, and in the degree of human use and shoreline development, and special fishery resource assessments and management activities are necessary to respond effectively to these special circumstances. 16 USC 941a. "SEC. 2003. PURPOSE. "The purposes of this Act are— "(1) to carry out a comprehensive study of the status, and the assessment, management, and restoration needs, of the fishery resources of the Great Lakes Basin; "(2) to develop proposals to implement recommendations resulting from that study; and "(3) to provide assistance to the Great Lakes Fisheries Commission, States, Indian Tribes, and other interested entities to encourage cooperative conservation, restoration and management of the fish and wildlife resources and their habitat of the Great Lakes Basin. 16 USC 941b. "SEC. 2004. DEFINITIONS. "In this Act— "(1) the term "Administrator" means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency; "(2) the term "Director" means the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service; "(3) the term "fish stock" means— "(A) a taxonomically distinct species or subspecies of fish; or "(B) any other aggregation of fish that are geographically, ecologically, behaviorally, or otherwise limited from breeding with individuals from other groups of fish and are capable of management as a unit; "(4) the term "Great Lakes Basin" means the air, land, water, and living organisms within the drainage basin of the Saint Lawrence River at or upstream from the point at which the river becomes the international boundary between Canada and ^ the United States; "(5) the term "Indian Tribe" means any Indian tribe, band, village, nation, or other organized group or community that is recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs as eligible for the