Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 105 Part 1.djvu/504

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105 STAT. 476 PUBLIC LAW 102-93—AUG. 14, 1991 the best safeguard of freedom of expression, tolerance of all groups of society, and equality of opportunity for each person"; Whereas on November 21, 1990, the heads of State or government from the signatory States signed the Charter of Paris for a New Europe, a document which has added clarity and precision to the obligations undertaken by the States signing the Helsinki accords; Wheregis the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe has made major contributions to the positive developments in Eastern and Central Europe and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, including greater respect for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals and groups; Whereas the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe provides an excellent framework for the further development of genuine security and cooperation among the participating States; and Whereas, despite significant improvements, all participating States have not yet fully implemented their obligations under the Helsinki accords: Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That— (1) August 1, 1991, the 16th anniversary of the signing of the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (hereinafter referred to as the "Helsinki accords") is designated as "Helsinki Human Rights Day"; (2) the President is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation reasserting the American commitment to full implementation of the human rights and humanitarian provisions of the Helsinki accords, urging all signatory States to abide by their obligations under the Helsinki accords, and encouraging the people of the United States to join the President and Congress in observance of Helsinki Human Rights Day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities; (3) the President is further requested to continue his efforts to achieve full implementation of the human rights and humanitarian provisions of the Helsinki accords by raising the issue of noncompliance on the part of any signatory State which may be in violation; (4) the President is further requested to convey to all signatories of the Helsinki accords that respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms is a vital element of further progress in the ongoing Helsinki process; and (5) the President is further requested, in view of the considerable progress made to date, to develop new proposals to advance the human rights objectives of the Helsinki process, and in so