Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 105 Part 1.djvu/990

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105 STAT. 962 PUBLIC LAW 102-143—OCT. 28, 1991 implementation of a system for the random testing of operators of commercial motor vehicles. (6) For purposes of carrying out this subsection, there shall be available to the Secretary $5,000,000 from funds made available to carry out section 404 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (49 App. U.S.C. 2304) for fiscal year 1992. (7) For purposes of this subsection, the term "commercial motor vehicle" shall have the meaning given to such term in section 12019(6) of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986 (49 App. U.S.C. 2716(6)). 49 USC app. 1618a. Regulations. Regulations. TESTING TO ENHANCE MASS TRANSPORTATION SAFETY SEC. 6. (a) As used in this section, the term— (1) "controlled substance" means any substance under section 102(6) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802(6)) whose use the Secretary has determined has a risk to transportation safety; (2) "person" includes any corporation, partnership, joint venture, association, or other entity organized or existing under the laws of the United States, or any State, territory, district, or possession thereof, or of any foreign country; (3) "Secretary" means the Secretary of Transportation; and (4) "mass transportation" means all forms of mass transportation except those forms that the Secretary determines are covered adequately, for purposes of employee drug and alcohol testing, by either the Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970 (45 U.S.C. 431 et seq.) or the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986 (49 App. U.S.C. 2701 et seq.). (b)(1) The Secretary shall, in the interest of mass transportation safety, issue regulations within twelve months after the date of enactment of this Act. Such regulations shall establish a program which requires mass transportation operations which are recipients of Federal financial assistance under section 3, 9, or 18 of the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964 (49 App. U.S.C. 1602, 1607a, or 1614) or section 103(e)(4) of title 23, United States Code, to conduct premployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of mass transportation employees responsible for safety- sensitive functions (as determined by the Secretary) for use, in violation of law or Federal regulation, of alcohol or a controlled substance. The Secretary may also issue regulations, as the Secretary considers appropriate in the interest of safety, for the conduct of periodic recurring testing of such employees for such use in violation of law or Federal regulation. (2) In issuing such regulations, the Secretary shall require that post-accident testing of such a mass transportation employee be conducted in the case of any accident involving mass transportation in which occurs loss of human life, or, as determined by the Secretary, other serious accidents involving bodily injury or significant property damage. (c) The Secretary shall issue regulations setting forth requirements for rehabilitation programs which provide for the identification and opportunity for treatment of mass transportation employees referred to in subsection (b)(1) who are determined to have used, in violation of law or Federal regulation, alcohol or a controlled substance. The Secretary shall determine the circumstances under which such employees shall be required to partici-