Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 6.djvu/565

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PUBLIC LAW 102-588—NOV. 4, 1992 106 STAT. 5123 (10) the provision of compensation to commercial providers of space goods and services for termination of contracts at the convenience of the Government assists in enabling the private sector to invest in space activities which are initially dependent on Government purchases. SEC. 502. DEFINITIONS. 15 USC 5802. For the purpose of this title— (1) the term "agency^ means an executive agency as defined by section 105 of title 5, United States Code; (2) the term "anchor tenancy" means an arrangement in which the United States Government agrees to procure sufiicient quantities of a commercial space product or service needed to meet Government mission requirements so that a commercial venture is made viable; (3) the term "commercial" means having— (A) private capital at risk, and (B) primary nnancial and management responsibility for the activity reside with the private sector; (4) the term "cost effective" means costing no more than the available alternatives, determined by a comptuison of all related direct and indirect costs including, in the case of Government costs, applicable Government labor and overhead costs as well as contractor charges, and taking into account the ability of each alternative to accommodate mission requirements as well as the related factors of risk, reliability, schedule, and technical performance; (5) the term "launch" means to place, or attempt to place, a laimch vehicle and its payload, if any, in a suborbital trajectory, in Earth orbit in outer space, or otiierwise in outer space; (6) the term "launch services" means activities involved in the preparation of a launch vehicle and its payload for launch and the conduct of a launch; (7) the term "launch support facilities" means facilities / located at launch sites or launch ranges that are required / to support launch activities, including launch vehicle assembly, launch vehicle operations and control, communications, flight safety functions, and payload operations, control, and processing. (8) the term "launch vehicle" means any vehicle constructed for the purpose of operating in or placing a payload in, outer space or in suborbital trajectories, and includes components of that vehicle; (9) the term "pavload" means an obi'ect which a person undertakes to launch, and includes subcomponents of the launch vehicle specifically designed or adapted for that object; (10) the term "payload integration services" means activities involved in integrating multiple payloads into a single payload for launch or integrating a payload with a launch vehicle; (11) the term "space recovery support facilities" means facilities required to support activities related to the recoverv of payloads returned from space to a space recovery site, including operations and control, communications, flight safety functions, and payload processing; (12) the term space transportation infrastructure" means facilities, associated equipment, and real property, including