Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 107 Part 3.djvu/363

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PUBLIC LAW 103-197—DEC. 17, 1993 107 STAT. 2301 Public Law 103-197 103d Congress An Act To provide for additional development at War in the Pacific National Historical Park, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. FINDINGS. Congress finds that— (1) June 15 through August 10, 1994, marks the 50th anniversary of the Mariana campaign of World War II in which American forces csiptured the islands of Saipan and Tinian in the Northern Marianas and liberated the United States Territory of Guam from Japanese occupation; (2) an attack during this campaign by the Japanese Imperial fleet, aimed at countering the American forces that had landed on Saipan, led to the battle of the Philippine Sea, which resulted in a crushing defeat for the Japanese by United States naval forces and the destruction of the effectiveness of the Japanese carrier-based airpower; (3) the recapture of Guam liberated one of the few pieces of United States territory that was occupied for two and onehalf years by the enemy during World War II and restored freedom to the indigenous Chamorros on Guam who suffered as a result of the Japanese occupation; (4) Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard units distinguished themselves with their heroic bravery and sacrifice; (5) the Guam Insular Force Guard, the Guam militia, and the people of Guam earned the highest respect for their defense of the island during the Japanese invasion and their resistance during the occupation; their assistance to the American forces as scouts for the American invasion was invaluable; and their role, as members of the Guam Combat Patrol, was instrumental in seeking out the remaining Japanese forces and restoring peace to the island; (6) during the occupation, the people of Guam— (A) were forcibly removed from their homes; (B) were relocated to remote sections of the island; (C) were required to perform forced labor and faced other harsh treatment, injustices, and death; and (D) were placed in concentration camps when the American invasion became imminent and were brutalized by their occupiers when the liberation of Guam became apparent to the Japanese; Dec. 17, 1993 [H.R. 1944] Guam. Northern Mariana Islands. 16 USC 410dd note.