108 STAT. 4094 PUBLIC LAW 103-391—OCT. 22, 1994 Public Law 103-391 103d Congress An Act To assist in the conservation of rhinoceros and tigers by supporting and providing Oct. 22, 1994 financial resources for the conservation programs of nations whose activities [H.R. 4924] directly or indirectly affect riiinoceros and tiger poptilations, and of the CITES Secretariat. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of Rhinoceros the United States of America in Congress assembled, and Tiger Conservation SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. Act of 1994. 16 USC 5301 This Act may be cited as the "Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservanote. tionAct ofl994. 16 USC 5301. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. The Congress finds the following: (1) The world's rhinoceros poptdation is declining at an alarming rate, a 90 percent decline since 1970. (2) All 5 subspecies of tiger are currently threatened with extinction in the wild, with approximately 5,000 to 6,000 tigers remaining worldwide. (3) All rhinoceros species have been listed on Appendix I of CITES since 1977. (4) All tiger subspecies have been Usted on Appendix I of CITES since 1987. (5) The tiger and all rhinoceros species, except the southern subspecies of white rhinoceros, eire listed as endangered species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). (6) In 1987, the parties to CITES adopted a resolution that urged all parties to establish a moratorium on the sale and trade in rhinoceros products (other than legally taken trophies), to destroy government stockpiles of rhinoceros horn, and to exert pressure on countries continuing to allow trade in rhinoceros products. (7) On September 7, 1993, under section 8 of the Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967 (22 U.S.C. 1978) the Secretary certified that the People's Republic of China and Taiwan were engaged in trade of rlunoceros parts and tiger parts that diminished the effectiveness of an international conservation program for that endangered species. (8) On September 9, 1993, the Standing Committee of CITES, in debating the continuing problem of trade in rhinoceros horn and tiger parts, adopted a resolution urging parties to CITES to implement stricter domestic measures, up to and including an immediate prohibition in trade in wildlife species.