Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 112 Part 5.djvu/560

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112 STAT. 3318 PUBLIC LAW 105-368—NOV. 11, 1998 to the National Academy of Sciences shall be treated as a reference to such other organization. (c) REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE.— (1) Under the agreement under subsection (b), the National Academy of Sciences shall conduct a comprehensive review and evaluation of the available scientific and medical information regarding the health status of Gulf War veterans and the health consequences of exposures to risk factors during service in the Persian Gulf War. In conducting such review and evaluation, the Academy shall— (A) identify the biological, chemical, or other toxic agents, environmental or wartime hazards, or preventive medicines or vaccines (including the agents specified in subsection (d)(1)) to which members of the Armed Forces who served in the Southwest Asia theater of operations during the Persian Gulf War may have been exposed by reason of such service; (B) identify the illnesses associated with the agents, hazards, or medicines or vaccines identified under subparagraph (A); and (C) identify the illnesses (including diagnosed illnesses and undiagnosed illnesses) for which there is scientific evidence of a higher prevalence among populations of Gulf War veterans when compared with other appropriate populations of individuals. (2) In identifying illnesses under subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (1), the Academy shall review and summarize the relevant scientific evidence regarding illnesses, including symptoms, adverse reproductive health outcomes, and mortality, among the members described in paragraph (1)(A) and among other appropriate populations of individuals. (3) In conducting the review and evaluation under paragraph (1), the Academy shall, for each illness identified under subparagraph (B) or (C) of that paragraph, assess the latency period, if any, between service or exposure to any potential risk factor (including an agent, hazard, or medicine or vaccine identified under subparagraph (A) of that paragraph) and the manifestation of such illness. (d) SPECIFIED AGENTS.—(1) In identifying under subsection (c)(1)(A) the agents, hazards, or preventive medicines or vaccines to which members of the Armed Forces may have been exposed, the National Academy of Sciences shall consider the following: (A) The following organophosphorous pesticides: (i) Chlorpyrifos. (ii) Diazinon. (iii) Dichlorvos. (iv) Malathion. (B) The following carbamate pesticides: (i) Proxpur. (ii) Carbaryl. (iii) Methomyl. (C) The carbamate pyridostigmine bromide used as nerve agent prophylaxis. (D) The following chlorinated hydrocarbons and other pesticides and repellents: (i) Lindane. (ii) Pyrethrins. (iii) Permethrins. (iv) Rodenticides (bait).