PUBLIC LAW 106-170—DEC. 17, 1999 113 STAT. 1913 (as added by subsection (a)(1) of this section) impairs access to legal representation for claimants. (2) REPORT.— Not later than 1 year after the date of the Deadline. enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate on the study conducted under paragraph (1), together with any recommendations for legislation that the Comptroller General determintis to be appropriate as a result of such study. (d) EFFECTIVE DATE. —The amendments made by this section 42 USC 406 note. shall apply in the case of any attorney with respect to whom a fee for services is required to be certified for payment from a claimant's past-due benefits pursuant to subsection (a)(4) or (b)(1) of section 206 of the Social Security Act after the later of— (1) December 31, 1999, or (2) the last day of the first month beginning after the month in which this Act is enacted. SEC. 407. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF STATE IVIEDICAID FRAUD CON- TROL UNITS. (a) EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO INVESTIGATE AND PROSECUTE FRAUD IN OTHER FEDERAL HEALTH CARE PROGRAMS. —Section 1903(q)(3) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396b(q)(3)) is amended— (1) by inserting "(A)" after "in connection with"; and (2) by striking "title." and inserting "title; and (B) upon the approval of the Inspector General of the relevant Federal agency, any aspect of the provision of health care services and activities of providers of such servicers under any Federal health care program (as defined in section 1128B(f)(1)), if the suspected fraud or violation of law in suchi case or investigation is primarily related to the State plan under this title.". (b) RECOUPMENT OF FUNDS.— Section 1903(q)(5) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396b(q)(5)) is amended— (1) by inserting "or under any Federal health care program (as so defined)" after "plan"; and (2) by adding at the end the following: "All funds collected in accordance with this paragraph shall be credited exclusively to, and available for expenditure under, the Federal health care program (including the State plan under this title) that was subject to the activity that was the basis for the collection.". (c) EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO INVESTKGIATE AND PROSECUTE RESIDENT ABUSE IN NON-MEDICAID BOARD AND CARE FACILITIES.— Section 1903(q)(4) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396b(q)(4)) is amended to read as follows: "(4)(A) The entity has— "(i) procedures for reviewing complaints of abuse or neglect of patients in health care facilities which receive payments under the State plan under this title; "(ii) at the option of the entity, procedures for reviewing complaints of abuse or neglect of patients residing in board and care facilities; and "(iii) procedures for acting upon such complaints under the criminal laws of the State or foir referring such complaints to other State agencies for action.