Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 114 Part 4.djvu/435

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PUBLIC LAW 106-525—NOV. 22, 2000 114 STAT. 2497 to help close the health disparities gap among ethnic minority populations. In addition, there is a shortage of minority behavioral science researchers and behavioral health care professionals. According to the National Science Foundation, only 15.5 percent of behavioral research-oriented psychology doctorate degrees were awarded to minority students in 1997. In addition, only 17.9 percent of practice-oriented psychology doctorate degrees were awarded to ethnic minorities. TITLE I—IMPROVING MINORITY HEALTH AND REDUCING HEALTH DIS- PARITIES THROUGH NATIONAL INSTI- TUTES OF HEALTH; ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL CENTER SEC. 101. ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL CENTER ON MINORITY HEALTH AND HEALTH DISPARITIES. (a) IN GENERAL.— Part E of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 287 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following subpart: "Subpart 6—National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities "SEC. 485E. PURPOSE OF CENTER. 42 USC 287c-31. "(a) IN GENERAL. —The general purpose of the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (in this subpart referred to as the 'Center') is the conduct and support of research, training, dissemination of information, and other programs with respect to minority health conditions and other populations with health disparities. "(b) PRIORITIES.— The Director of the Center shall in expending amounts appropriated under this subpart give priority to conducting and supporting minority health disparities research. "(c) MINORITY HEALTH DISPARITIES RESEARCH. — For purposes of this subpart: "(1) The term 'minority health disparities research' means basic, clinical, and behavioral research on minority health conditions (as defined in paragraph (2)), including research to prevent, diagnose, and treat such conditions. "(2) The term 'minority health conditions', with respect to individuals who are members of minority groups, means all diseases, disorders, and conditions (including with respect to mental health and substance abuse)— "(A) unique to, more serious, or more prevalent in such individuals; "(B) for which the factors of medical risk or types of medical intervention may be different for such individuals, or for which it is unknown whether such factors or types are different for such individuals; or "(C) with respect to which there has been insufficient research involving such individuals as subjects or insufficient data on such individuals.