Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 114 Part 4.djvu/673

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PUBLIC LAW 106-546—DEC. 19, 2000 114 STAT. 2735 Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3753(a)(12)(C)) is amended by striking ", at regular intervals of not to exceed 180 days," and inserting "semiannual". (b) DNA IDENTIFICATION GRANTS.— Section 2403(3) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796kk-2(3)) is amended by striking ", at regular intervals not exceeding 180 days," and inserting "semiannual". (c) FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION. —Section 210305(a)(1)(A) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14133(a)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ", at regular intervals of not to exceed 180 days," and inserting "semiannual". SEC. 9. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. There are authorized to be appropriated to the Attorney General to carry out this Act (including to reimburse the Federal judiciary for any reasonable costs incurred in implementing such Act, as determined by the Attorney General) such sums as may be necessary. SEC. 10. PRIVACY PROTECTION STANDARDS. (a) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subsection (b), any sample collected under, or any result of any analysis carried out under, section 2, 3, or 4 may be used only for a purpose specified in such section. (b) PERMISSIVE USES. —^A sample or result described in subsection (a) may be disclosed under the circumstances under which disclosure of information included in the Combined DNA Index System is allowed, as specified in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of section 210304(b)(3) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14132(b)(3)). (c) CRIMINAL PENALTY.— ^A person who knowingly— (1) discloses a sample or result described in subsection (a) in any manner to any person not authorized to receive it; or (2) obtains, without authorization, a sample or result described in subsection (a), shall be fined not more than $100,000. SEC. 11. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS REGARDING THE OBLIGATION OF GRANTEE STATES TO ENSURE ACCESS TO POST-CONVIC- TION DNA TESTING AND COMPETENT COUNSEL IN CAP- ITAL CASES. (a) FINDINGS. — Congress finds that— (1) over the past decade, deoxyribo-nucleic acid testing (referred to in this section as "DNA testing") has emerged as the most reliable forensic technique for identifying criminals when biological material is left at a crime scene; (2) because of its scientific precision, DNA testing can, in some cases, conclusively establish the guilt or innocence of a criminal defendant; (3) in other cases, DNA testing may not conclusively establish guilt or innocence, but may have significant probative value to a finder of fact; (4) DNA testing was not widely available in cases tried prior to 1994; (5) new forensic DNA testing procedures have made it possible to get results from minute samples that could not 42 USC 14135d. 42 USC 14135e. 42 USC 14135 note. 79-194O-00 -22:QL3Part4