Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 5.djvu/155

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TWENTY—FOURTH CONGRESS. Sess. I. Crr.357. 1836. 119 seal of said office, and be signed by the Secretary of State, and coun- Secretary of tersigned by the Commissioner of the said office, and shall be recorded, Sffg ““d l’Y together with the descriptions, specifications, and drawings, in the said ;;:,,,,.?mmm` office, in books to be kept for that purpose. Every such patent shall contain a short description or title of the invention or discovery, correctly indicating its nature and design, and in its terms grant to the applicant or applicants, his or their heirs, administrators, executors, or assigns, for a term not exceeding fourteen years, the full and exclusive right and liberty of making, using, and vending to others to be used, the said invention or discovery, referring to the specifications for the particulars thereof, a copy of which shall be annexed to the patent, specifying what the patentee claims as his invention or discovery. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That any person or persons having A H t- M discovered or invented any new and useful art, machine, manufacture, hqvgpmgiigg ' or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement on any art, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, not known or used by others before his or their discovery or invention thereof, and not, at the time of his application for a patent, in public use or on sale, with his consent or allowance, as the inventor or discoverer; and shall desire to obtain an exclusive property therein, may make application in writing to the Commissioner of Patents, expressing such desire, and the Commissioner, on due proceedings had, may grant a patent therefor. But before any inventor shall receive a patent for any such new invention or S,,,,,H,,,,,,,,,_ discovery, he shall deliver a written description of his invention or discovery, and of the manner and process of making, constructing, using, and compounding the same, in such full, clear, and exact terms, avoiding unnecessary prolixity, as to enable any person skilled in the art or science to which it appertains, or with which it is most nearly connected, to make, construct, compound, and use the same; and in case of any machine, he shall fully explain the principle and the several modes in which he has contemplated the application of that principle or character by which it may be distinguished from other inventions; and shall particularly specify and point out the part, improvement, or combination, which he claims as his own invention or discovery. He shall, Dmw;,,g$,&,c_ furthermore, accompany the whole with a drawing, or drawings, and written references, where the nature of the case admits of drawings, or with specimens of ingredients, and of the composition of matter, sufiicient in quantity for the purpose of experiment, where the invention or discovery is of a. composition of matter; which descriptions and drawings, signed by the inventor and attested by two witnesses, shall be filed in the Patent Office; and he shall moreover furnish a model of his Models. invention, in all cases which admit of a representation by model, of a convenient size to exhibit advantageously its several parts. The applicant shall also make oath or affirmation that he does verily believe that Q¤th¤r¤!Hrmhe is the original and first inventor or discoverer of the art, machine, “°‘°"· composition, or improvement, for which he solicits a patent, and that he does not know or believe that the same was ever before known or used; and also of what country he is a citizen; which oath or affirmation may be made before any person authorized by law to administer oaths. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That, on the filing of any such Examination application, description, and specification, and the payment of the duty g*`*¤‘:,’:l°a';5° hereinafter provided, the Commissioner shall make or cause to be made, pfogcdj, an examination of the alleged new invention or discovery; and if, on thereon, éiould any such examination, it shall not appear to the Commissioner that the ¤d¤<>i b° d¤°m· same had been invented or discovered by any other person in this coun- ° n"' try prior to the alleged invention or discovery thereof by the applicant, or that it had been patented or described in any printed publicationin this or any foreign country, or had been in public use or on sale with the applicant's consent or allowance prior to the application, of the