Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 5.djvu/158

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pg TWENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS. Sess. I. 011.357. 1836, a citizen thereof, who shall have invented any new art, machine, or im provement thereof, and shall desire further time to mature the- same. may, on paying to the credit of the Treasury, in manner as provided in the ninth section of this act, the sum of twenty dollars, file in the Patent Office a caveat, setting forth the design and purpose thereof, and its principal and distinguishing characteristics, and praying protection of his right till he shall have matured his invention; which sum of twenty dollars, in case the person filing such caveat shall afterwards take out a patent for the invention therein mentioned, shall be considered a part of the sum herein required for the same. And such caveat shall be filed in the confidential archives of the office, and preserved in secrecy. And if application shall be made by any other person within one year from the time of filing such caveat, for a patent of any invention with which it may in any respect interfere, it shall be the duty of the Commissioner to deposite the description, specifications, drawings, and model, in the confidential archives of the office, and to give notice, by mail, to the person filing the caveat, of such application, who shall, within three months after receiving the notice, if he would avail himself of the benefit of his caveat, file his description, specifications, drawings, and model; and if, in the opinion of the Commissioner, the specifications of claim interfere with each other, like proceedings may be had in all respects as are in this act provided in the case of inter- Prcvino. fering applications: Provided, however, That no opinion or decision of any board of examiners, under the provisions of this act, shall preclude - any person interested in favor of or against the validity of any patent which has been or may hereafter be granted, from the right to contest the same in any judicial court in any action in which its validity may come in question. ji.,,,,,,;,,,,,;,,, Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That whenever any patent which front defective has heretofore been granted, or which shall hereafter be granted, shall

{’;°’€;°;§;;n be inoperative, or invalid, by reason of a defective or insufficient

6,,*,;,,, and nw} description or specification, or by reason of the patentee claiming in his patents may no specification as his own invention, more than he had or shall have a fgggdm °°"°m right to claim as new; if the error has, or shall have arisen by inadver- ’ tency, accident, or mistake, and without any fraudulent or deceptive , intention, it shall be lawful for the Commissioner, upon the surrender to him of such patent, and the payment of the further duty of fifteen dollars, to cause a new patent to be issued to the said inventor, for the same invention, for the residue of the period then unexpired for which the original patent was granted, in accordance with the patentee’s corrected description and specification. And in case of his death, or any signment by him made of the original patent, a similar right shall vest .n his executors, administrators, or assignces. And the patent, so reissued, together with the corrected description and specification, shall have the same effect and operation in law, on the trial of all actions hereafter commenced for causes subsequently accruing, as though the same had been ori inally filed in such corrected form, before the issuing Pntenreernny out of the originxd patent. And whenever the original patentee shall gagg ;gl;;:?’ be desirous of adding the description and specification of any new improvement of the original invention or discovery which shall have been invented or discovered by him subsequent to the date of his patent, he. muy, like proceedings being had in all respects as in the case of orqgmal applications, and on the payment of fifteen dollars, as hereinbe ore provided, have the same annexed to the original description and Specification; and the Commissioner shall certify, on the margin of such annexed description and specification, the time of its being annexed and recorded; and the same shall thereafter have the same effect in law, to all intents and purposes, as though it had been embraced in the original description and specification.