TWENTY-FIF'1`H CONGRESS. Sess. II1. Crr.89. 1839. 355 chief justice, on petition, to hear and determine all such appeals, and to revise such decisions in a summary way, on the evidence produced before the Commissioner, at such early and convenient time as he may appoint, first notifying the Commissioner of the time and place of hearing, whose duty it shall be to give notice thereof to all parties who appear to be interested therein, in such manner as said judge shall prescr`k·e. The Commissioner shall also lay before the said judge all the original papers and evidence in the case, together with the grounds of his decision, fully set forth in writing, touching all the points involved by the reasons of appeal, to which the revision shall be confined. And at the request of any party interested, or at the desire of the judge, the Commissioner and the examiners in the Patent Office, may be examined under oath, in explanation of the principles of the machine or other thing for which a patent, in such case, is prayed for. And it shall be the duty of said judge, after a hearing of any such case, to return all the papers to the Commissioner, with a certificate of his proceedings and decision, which shall be entered of record in the Patent Office; and such decision, so certiiied,shall govern the further proceedings of the Commissioner in such case; Provided, however, That no opinion proviso_ or decision of the judge in any such case, shall preclude any person interested in favor or against the validity of any patent which has been or may hereafter, be granted, from the right to contest the same in any judicial court, in any action in which its validity may come in question. Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the Commissioner of Commissioner Patents shall have power to make all such regulations in respect to the Q"; ”"’k° ”€*· taking of evidence to be used in contested cases before him, as may be jj,,?:2;,;°;ig$°` just and reasonable. And so much of the act to which this is addi- cases. tional, as provides for a board of examiners, is hereby repealed. Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That there be paid annually, Compensation out of the patent fund, to the said chief justice, in consideration of the °f °h‘°fJ'·“’“°°· duties herein imposed, the sum of one hundred dollars. Aprnovnn, March 3, 1839. _""' Sruura III. CHAP. LXXXIX. —— dn det giving to the 1’resident·of the United States addi- Mm-ch 3, jg3e_ tional powers for the defence of the United States, in certain cases, against intra- sion, and for other purposes. p 6 '] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President Disputedterriof tht! United States be, and he hereby is, authorized to resist any at- wry 111 Mama. tempt on the part of Great Britain, to enforce, by arms, her claim to exclusive jurisdiction over that part of the State of Maine which is in dispute between the United States and Great Britain; and for that pur— pose, to employ the naval and military forces of the United States and such portions of the militia as he may deem it advisable to call into service. · Sec. 2. And be ttjmher enacted, That the militia when called into c£§ilgi;;tWh¤¤ the service of the United States by virtue of this act, or of the act en- vic; ° S"' titled "An act to provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, repel invasions, arid_ to H95v °h· 36· l'€pG3l the act now in force for these purposes," may, if in the- 0pt11i0H of the President of the United States the public interest require it, be compelled to serve for a term not exceeding six months after the arrival at the place of rendezvous, in any one year unless sooner discharged. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That in the event of actual inva- In eventofae. Si0H Of the territory of the United States by any foreign power, 01‘_1f §;2I*¤V¤S¤°¤• imminent danger of such invasion discovered, in his opinion, to exist ‘ before Congress can be convened to act upon the subject, the President be, and he is hereby, authorized if he deem the same expedient, to ac-
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