Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 58 Part 2.djvu/405

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IRAN-RECIPROCAL TRADE-APR . 8 , 1943 2. No restriction of any kind shall be imposed by the Government of either country on the importation from the other country of any article in which that country has an interest, whether by means of import licenses or permits or otherwise, unless the total quantity or value of such article permitted to be imported during a specified period, or any change in such quantity or value, shall have been established and made public. If the Government of either country allots a share of such total quantity or value to any third country, it shall allot to the other country, unless it is mutually agreed to dispense with such allotment, a share based upon the proportion of the total imports of such article supplied by that country in a previous repre- sentative period, account. being taken in so far as practicable of any special factors which may have affected or may be affecting the trade in that article, and shall make such share available so as to facilitate its full utilization. No limitation or restriction of any kind other than such an allotment shall be imposed, by means of import licenses or permits or otherwise, on the share of such total quantity or value which may be imported from the other country. 3. The provisions of this Article shall apply in respect of the quan- tity or value of any article permitted to be imported at a specified rate of duty. ATImCLE IV 1. If the Government of either country establishes or maintains any form of control of the means of international payment, it shall accord unconditional most-favored-nation treatment to the commerce of the other country with respect to all aspects of such control. 2. The Government establishing or maintaining such control shall impose no prohibition, restriction or delay on the transfer of payment for any article the growth, produce or manufacture of the other coun- try which is not imposed on the transfer of payment for the like article the growth, produce or manufacture of any third country. With respect to rates of exchange and with respect to taxes or charges on exchange transactions, articles the growth, produce or manufacture of the other country shall be accorded unconditionally treatment no less favorable than that accorded to the like articles the growth, prod- uce or manufacture of any third country. The foregoing provisions shall also extend to the application of such control to payments nec- essary for or incidental to the importation of articles the growth, produce or manufacture of the other country. In general, the con- trol shall be administered so as not to influence to the disadvantage of the other country the competitive relationships between articles the growth, produce or manufacture of the territories of that country and like articles the growth, produce or manufacture of third countries. ArncLE V 1. In the event that the Government of either country establishes or maintains a monopoly for the importation, production or sale of any article or grants exclusive privileges, formally or in effect, to any agency to import, produce or sell any article, it is agreed that the Allotments. Control of means of international pay- ment. Monopolies. 1325 58 STAT.]