PUBLIC LAWS-CH. 244-APR . 30, 1946 Ante, p. 143 . Ante, p. 151. Ante, p . 141. Ante, p. 153. Ante, p. 161. Articles in competi- tion with U. S . prod- ucts. Ante, p. 144. SEC. 503. CUSTOMS DUTIES ON IMPORTATIONS FROM PHILIPPINES. Articles coming or imported into the United States from the Phil- ippines, and Philippine products coming or imported into the United States, shall, except as otherwise provided with respect to Philippine articles by Title II of this Act during the period such title is in effect- (1) if entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, in the United States for consumption, during the period from the day after the date of the enactment of this Act to July 3, 1946, both dates inclusive, be subject to the same duties as like articles coming or imported into the United States from foreign countries, except Cuba; and (2) if so entered or withdrawn during the period after July 3, 1946, be subject to the same duties as like articles coming or imported into the United States from other foreign countries, except Cuba. SEC. 504. QUOTAS ON PHILIPPINE ARTICLES. (a) ESTABLISHMENT BY PRESIDENT.-After the executive agreement referred to in Title IV has taken effect, then whenever the President of the United States, after the investigation by the United States Tariff Commission provided for in subsection (d), finds, with respect to any Philippines articles (other than those for which quotas are established by Part 2 of Title II), that they are coming, or likely to come, into substantial competition with like articles which are the product of the United States, he shall so proclaim, and in his proclamation shall establish the total amount of such Philippine articles which may in each of specified periods be entered, or with- drawn from warehouse, in the United States for consumption. If he finds that the allocation of any quota so established is necessary to make the application of the quota just and reasonable between the United States and the Philippines, he shall, in such proclamation or a subsequent proclamation, provide the basis for such allocation. (b) MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM QUOTAS.- No quota shall be estab- lished under subsection (a), with respect to a Philippine article, which is greater than the amount of such article which in each of such speci- fied periods the President determines may be so entered or withdrawn from warehouse without coming into substantial competition with like articles which are the product of the United States; except that in no case shall the quota be less than the minimum amount provided in that portion of such executive agreement which sets forth the pro- visions of section 403 (c) (2) of this Act. (c) DURATION OF QTOTAs. - Any quota established pursuant to this section shall become effective at such time as the President shall desig- nate (but not before January 1, 1948), and shall continue in effect until the President, after investigation, finds and proclaims that the conditions which gave rise to the establishment of such quota no longer exist, but no such quota shall continue in effect after the termination of the executive agreement provided for in Title IV. (d) INVESTIGATIONS BY TARIFF CoMMISSION.- The United States Tariff Commission shall at the request of the President, upon resolution of either House of Congress or concurrent resolution of both Houses of Congress, upon its own motion, or when in its judgment there is good reason therefor, upon application of any interested party, make an investigation to ascertain (1) whether imports of a Philippine article (other than an article for which a quota is established by Part 2 of Title II) are coming, or are likely to come, into substantial compe- tition with like articles which are the product of the United States; (2) what is the greatest amount of such article which may be entered, [60 STAT.