[CHAPTER 433] AN ACT To authorize the creation of additional positions in the professional and scientific service in the War and Navy Departments. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of War is authorized to establish and fix the compensation for, within the War Department, not more than thirty positions, and the Secre- tary of the Navy is authorized to establish and fix the compensation for, within the Naval Establishment, not more than fifteen positions in the professional and scientific service, each such position being established to effectuate those research and development functions, relating to the national defense, military and naval medicine, and any and all other activities of the War Department or Naval Establish- ment which require the services of specially qualified scientific or professional personnel: Provided,That the rates of compensation for positions established pursuant to the provisions of this Act shall not be less than $10,000 per annum nor more than $15,000 per annum, and shall be subject to the approval of the Civil Service Commission. SEC. 9. Positions created pursuant to this Act shall be included in the classified civil service of the United States, but appointments to such positions shall be made without competitive examination upon approval of the proposed appointee's qualifications by the Civil Serv- ice Commission or such officers or agents as it may designate for this purpose. SEC. 3 . The Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy, respec- tively, shall submit to the Congress, not later than December 31 of each year, a report setting forth the number of positions established pursuant to this Act in their respective departments during that calendar year, and the name, rate of compensation, and description of the qualifications of each incumbent, together with a statement of the functions performed by each. In any instance where the Secretary of War or the Secretary of the Navy may consider full public report on these items detrimental to the national security, lie is authorized to omit such items from his annual report and, in lieu thereof, to present such information in executive sessions of such committees of the Senate and House of Representatives as the presiding oflicers of those bodies shall designate. Approved August 1, 1947. [CHAPTER 434] AN ACT To amend section 1 of the Act of July 20, 1942 (56 Stat. 662), as amended, relating to the acceptance of decorations, orders, medals, and emblems by officers and enlisted men of the armed forces of the United States tendered them by gov- ernments of cobelligerent nations, neutral nations, or other American Republics. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 1 of the Act of July 20, 1942, as amended (title 10, U. S. C., sec. 1423a), is hereby amended to read as follows: "Officers and enlisted men of the armed forces of the United States and former officers and enlisted men of the armed forces of the United States holding any office of profit or trust under the United States be, and they are hereby, authorized, during the present war and for a year thereafter, to accept from the governments of cobelligerent nations, neutral nations, or the other American Republics such decorations, orders, medals, and emblems as may be tendered them, and which are conferred by such governments upon members of their own military 715 August 1, 197 [H. R. 40841 [Public Law 313] War and Navy De- partments. Professional and sci- entific service. Compensation. Appointmentswith- out competitive ex- amination. Report to Congress. August 1, 1947 [H. R . 4308] [Public Law 314] Ante, pp. 3, 453. Acceptance by mem- bers of armed forces of decorations from er- tai foreign govern- ments.