61 STAT.] 80TH CONG. , 1ST SESS.-CHS. 511, 512 -AUG. 6 , 7, 1947 between the United States and Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Rumania from the date of this Act and the nationals of the latter countries may hereafter apply for and obtain patents in the United States for their inventions and enjoy the rights and privileges thereof as provided in article 2 of said convention: Provided, however, That patents shall not be applied for or obtained, or if obtained, shall not be valid, for inventions heretofore made relating to war material as specified in article 6 of annex XV A of the Treaty of Peace with Italy, article 6 of annex IV of the Treaty of Peace with Bulgaria, article 6 of annex IV A of the Treaty of Peace with Hungary, and article 6 of annex IV A of the Treaty of Peace with Rumania. SEC. 2 . The rights of priority and the times for the taking of any action specified in sections 1 and 3 of Public Law 690, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved August 8, 1946, which had not expired on December 8, 1941, or which commenced after such date, shall be and are hereby extended until February 29, 1948, in favor of nationals of Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Rumania, subject to the conditions and limitations specified in sections 1, 3, 4, and 10 of said Public Law 690: Provided, however, That nothing in this Act shall affect any act which has been or shall be done by virtue of special measures taken under legislative, executive; administrative, or military authority of the United States during World War II. SEC. 3 . Nationals of Gerfnany and Japan may hereafter apply for and obtain patents in the United States for their inventions in accord- ance with the patent laws and enjoy the rights and privileges thereof: Provided, however, That patents obtained for such inventions shall be subject to any conditions and limitations with respect to duration, revocation, utilization, assignment, and licensing which may be imposed by Congress, or by the President in accordance with the provisions of any peace treaty hereafter entered into with Germany or Japan: And provided further, That, except for patents based on applications filed in the United States Patent Office prior to the date of enactment of this Act, patents may not be applied for or obtained, or if obtained, shall not be valid, for any invention made, or upon which an application was filed by any such national, before January 1, 1946, in Germany or Japan or in the territory of any other of the Axis Powers or in any territory occupied by the Axis forces. Approved August 6, 1947. ICHAPTER 512] AN ACT To provide for the promotion and elimination of officers of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the UnitedStates of America in Congressassembled, SHORT TITLE That this Act, divided into titles and sections according to the fol- lowing table of contents, may be cited as the "Officer Personnel Act of 1947": TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE I-PEEMANENT PROVISIONS RELATING TO OFFICERS OF THE LINE OF THE NAVY Sec. 101. Permanent status of title I. Sec. 102. Definitions. Sec. 103. Distribution of officers. Sec. 104. Promotion by selection: retention of rear admirals Sec. 105. Selection boards. 795 Restriction. Extension of rights of priority. 60 Stat. 940, 942. 35U.S. C.§§ 101, 103. 60 Stat. 940, 942, 944. 35U.S.C.§§101, 103, 104, 110 . Nationals of Ger many and Japan. Conditions limitations. and Inventions made prior to Jan. 1, 1946. in territory of Axis Powers. August 7, 1947 [H. R . 38301 I Public Law 3811 Pos, p. 79.