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Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 61 Part 1.djvu/962

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938. PUBLIC LAWS-CH. 520-DEC. 17, 1947 [61 STAT. observer, or adviser until such person has been investigated as to loyalty and security by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The field administrator may, when he finds it essential to the purposes of this Act, utilize for observation the services of a limited number of other persons, who shall be investigated and approved by the field administrator. Appropriation au- SEC. 11 . (a) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated not to Post, p. 92. exceed $597,000,000, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to carry out the provisions and accomplish the purposes of this Act. This Act, however, shall not imply any present or future obligation to give aid to any foreign country, nor shall it imply or guarantee the availability of any specific commodities. Wheat, wheat flour, (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, none of the funds authorized or made available under this Act shall be used or made available for use for the acquisition of wheat, wheat flour, or cereal grain in the United States or the shipment thereof from the United States unless the President shall first- (1) survey the requirements of other countries which are dependent upon the United States for a portion of their supplies of such commodities; (2) estimate the quantities of such commodities which will probably be made available to such countries from the United States; and (3) estimate the total amount of such commodities available for export from the United States to the recipient countries, after giving due consideration to the quantity thereof required in this country for food, feed, seed, and industrial uses, and for the needs of other countries dependent upon the United States for supplies of such commodities. In estimating the amount of such commodities available for export from the United States the President shall allow for a carry-over of wheat in the United States as of July 1, 1948, of not less than one hundred and fifty million bushels to protect the economy of the United States from inflationary prices and to insure against a scarcity of bread for domestic consumption during the twelve- month period beginning July 1, 1948. The funds authorized herein shall not be made available or used to acquire a quantity of wheat, wheat flour and cereal grain in the United States which, after taking into consideration the amount estimated for export to other countries, and the amount needed for domestic consumption in the United States, will leave a carry-over of less than one hundred and fifty million bushels of wheat on July 1, 1948, unless the estimates of the President after March 1, 1948, justify an increase in the amount available for export to recipient countries with full protection for domestic needs. fdvalabli.ty or (c) Funds authorized under this Act, when allocated to any de- partment, agency, or independent establishment of the Government, shall be available for obligation and expenditure in accordance with the laws governing obligations and expenditures of such department agency, or independent establishment or organizational unit thereof concerned and without regard to sections 3709 and 3648 of the Advances by R evised Statutes, as amended (41 U. S. C . 5; 31 U. S. C . 529). Ante, p. 125. (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, the Recon- struction Finance Corporation is authorized and directed, until such time as an appropriation shall be made pursuant to this section, to make advances, not to exceed in the aggregate $150,000,000, to carry out the provisions of this Act, in such manner and in such amounts as the President shall determine. From appropriations authorized under this section, there shall be repaid without interest to the Recon- struction Finance Corporation the advances made by it under the