PUBLIC LAW 63—JUNE 30, 1951
shall be excused because of extraordinary circumstances. No order shall be set aside or remanded unless the petitioner shall establish to the satisfaction of the court that the order is not in accordance with law, or is not supported by substantial evidence. The commencement of proceedings under this section shall not, except as provided in subsection (d), operate as a stay of the Administrator's order. " (c) The Municipal Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia •
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Jurfedictjon of court
j ! x r, to review Administra-
IS hereby granted exclusive jurisdiction to review any order oi the tor's orders. Administrator made pursuant to section 4 of this Act. The judgment and decree of the court shall be final, subject to review as provided by law relative to other judgments of the court. Bestriction on issuance of staying order, " (d) No court shall issue any interlocutory order or decree staying etc. the effectiveness of any provision of this Act or any regulation or order issued thereunder unless the person objecting to such provision, regulation, or order shall file with the court an undertaking with a surety or sureties satisfactory to the court for the payment, in the event such objection is not sustained, of the amount by which the maximum rent, if any, permitted under such provision, regulation, or order exceeds or is less than the amount actually received or paid while such stay is in effect. ' ENrORCEMENT; PENALTIES
"SEC. 10. (a) If any landlord receives rent or refuses to render services in violation of any provision of this Act, or of any regulation or order thereunder prescribing a rent ceiling or service standard, the tenant paying such rent or entitled to such service, or the Administrator on behalf of such tenant, may bring suit to rescind the lease or rental agreement, or, in case of violation of a maximum-rent ceiling, an action for double the amount by which the rent paid exceeded the applicable rent ceiling and, in case of violation of a minimum-service standard, an action for double the value of the services refused in violation of the applicable minimum-service standard or for $50, whichever is greater in either case, plus reasonable attorneys' fees and costs as determined by the court. Any suit or action under this subsection may be brought in the Municipal Court for the District of Columbia regardless of the amount involved, and the municipal court is hereby given exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine all such cases. "(b) No person shall be held liable for damages or penalties in any court on any grounds for or in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith pursuant to any provision of this Act or any regulation, order, or requirement thereunder, notwithstanding that subsequently such provision, regulation, order, or requirement may be modified, rescinded, or determined to be invalid. The Administrator may intervene in any suit or action wherein a party relies for ground of relief or defense upon this Act or any regulation, order, or requirement thereunder. No costs shall be assessed against the Administrator in any proceedings had or taken in accordance with this Act. "(c) Whenever in the judgment of the Administrator any person has engaged or is about to engage in any acts or practices which constitute or will constitute a violation of this Act, or any regulation, order, or requirement thereunder, he may make application to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia for an order enforcing compliance with this Act or such regulation, order, or requirement, and upon a proper showing a permanent or temporary injunction, restraining order, or other order shall be granted without bond.
Suit to rescind lease, etc.
Restriction on liability for damages or penalties.