251 CHAPTER 431.—INDUSTRIAL MOBILIZATION, RESEARCH, A N D DEVELOPMENT Sec. 4501. Industrial mobilization: orders; priorities; possession of manufacturing plants; violations. 4502. Industrial mobilization: plants; lists; Board on Mobilization of Industries Essential for Military Preparedness. 4503. Research and development programs. 4504. Procurement for experimental purposes. 4505. Procurement of production equipment. 4506. Sale, loan, or gift of samples, drawings, and information to contractors. 4507. Sale of ordnance and ordnance stores to designers. 4508. Tests of iron, steel, and other materials.
§ 4501. Industrial mobilization: orders; priorities; possession of manufacturing plants; violations (a) I n time of war or when war is imminent, the President, through the head of any department, may order from any person or organized manufacturing industry necessary products or materials of the type usually produced or capable of being produced by that person or industry. (b) A person or industry with whom an order is placed under subsection (a), or the responsible head thereof, shall comply with that order and give it precedence over all orders not placed under that subsection. (c) I n time of war or when war is imminent, the President, through the head of any department, may take immediate possession of any plant that is equipped to manufacture, or that in the opinion of the Secretary of the Army is capable of being readily transformed into a plant for manufacturing, arms or ammunition, parts thereof, or necessary supplies for the Army, if the person or industry owning or operating the plant, or the responsible head thereof, refuses— (1) to give precedence to the order as prescribed in subsection (b); (2) to manufacture the kind, quantity, or quality of arms or ammunition, parts thereof, or necessary supplies, as ordered by the Secretary; or (3) to furnish them at a reasonable price as determined by the Secretary. (d) The President, through the Ordnance Corps, may manufacture products that are needed in time of war or when war is imminent, in any plant that is seized under subsection (c). (e) Each person or industry from whom products or materials are ordered under subsection (a) is entitled to fair and just compensation. Each person or industry whose plant is seized under subsection (c) is entitled to a fair and just rental. (f) Whoever fails to comply with this section shall be imprisoned for not more than three years and fined not more than $50,000.