Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 74.djvu/110

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[74 Stat. 70]
[74 Stat. 70]
PUBLIC LAW 86-000—MMMM. DD, 1960

70

Computation.

Propert io n at e incr e a s e or de-

Investigation.

Regulations. Enforcement.

PUBLIC LAW 86-431-APR. 22, 1960

[74

STAT.

person shall charge, contract for, receive, or collect a finance charge if such charge exceeds the larger of $25 or an amount determined under the following schedule: Class 1. Any new domestic motor vehicle designated by the manufacturer by a year model not earlier than the year in which the sale is made and any new foreign motor vehicle—^$8 per $100 per year. Class 2. Any new domestic motor vehicle not in class 1 and any used domestic motor vehicle designated by the manufacturer by a year model of the same or not more than two years prior to the year in which the sale is made and any used foreign motor vehicle not more than two years old—$11 per $100 per year. Class 3. Any used motor vehicle not in class 2, and, if a domestic motor vehicle, designated by the manufacturer by a year model not more than four years prior to the year in which the sale is made, and, if a foreign motor vehicle, not more than four years old—$14 per $100 per year. Class 4. Any used motor vehicle not in class 2 or class 3—^$16 per $100 per year. (b) The finance charge authorized by the preceding subsection shall be computed on the principal balance payable for a motor vehicle from the date of the instrument or contract until the maturity of the final installment, notwithstanding that the balance thereof is required to be paid in installments. (c) For a period less or greater than twelve months or for amounts less or greater than $100, the amount of the maximum charge set forth in the foregoing schedule shall be decreased or increased proportionately. (d) The Commissioners shall from time to time investigate the economic conditions and other factors relating to and affecting finance charges, and shall ascertain all pertinent facts necessary to determine what maximum charges should be permitted in such transactions. Upon the basis of such ascertained facts, the Commissioners, notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding subsections, shall from time to time by regulation or order determine and fix the maximum finance charges sufficiently high to result in a fair return on investment to persons engaged in the business of financing retail installment transactions, but not so high as to constitute an unreasonable economic burden on the purchasers of motor vehicles under retail installment contracts. The Commissioners may from time to time, upon the basis of changed conditions or facts, redetermine and refix any such maximum finance charge, but, before determining or redetermining any such maximum charge, the Commissioners shall give reasonable notice of their intention to consider doing so, and provide a reasonable opportunity to persons desiring to be heard with respect to any such proposed determination or redetermination. Notice of the action proposed by the Commissioners shall be published once a week for two consecutive weeks in one or more of the daily newspapers published in the District. Any such changed maximum finance charge shall not affect any preexisting instrument of security lawfully entered into between the seller and the purchaser of any motor vehicle. (e)(1) The Commissioners are hereby authorized to make and enforce such regulations as they in their discretion deem appropriate to carry out the purposes of this section and to prevent unconscionable practices in connection with retail installment transactions, including, without limitation, provisions: (i) governing the form and substance of instruments of security; (ii) requiring that installment payments under instruments of security be made in substantially equal amounts and at regular