75 S T A T. ]
PUBLIC LAW 8 7 - 1 9 5 - S E P T. 4, 1961
assistance, it remains the policy of the United States to continue to exert maximum efforts to achieve universal control of weapons of mass destruction and universal regulation and reduction of armaments, including armed forces, under adequate safeguards to protect complying countries against violation and evasion. The Congress recognizes that the peace of the world and the security of the United States are endangered so long as international communism and the countries it controls continue by threat of military action, by the use of economic pressure, and by internal subversion, or other means to attempt to bring under their domination peoples now free and independent and continue to deny the rights of freedom and self-government to peoples and countries once free but now subject to such domination. Inte at i I t is the sense of the Congress that an important contribution toward militaryr nforce.o n al peace would be made by the establishment under the Organization of American States of an international military force. I n enacting this legislation, it is therefore the intention of the Con- in^n^f^^ s s i o n ai gress to promote the peace of the world and the foreign policy, security, and general welfare of the United States by fostering an improved climate of political independence and individual liberty, improving the ability of friendly countries and international organizations to deter or, if necessary, defeat Communist or Communist-supported aggression, facilitating arrangements for individual and collective security, assisting friendly countries to maintain internal security, and creating an environment of security and stability in the developing friendly countries essential to their more rapid social, economic, and political progress. The Congress urges that all other countries able to contribute join in a common undertaking to meet the goals stated in this part. Finally, the Congress reaffirms its full support of the progress of the members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization toward increased cooperation in political, military, and economic affairs. I n particular, the Congress welcomes the steps which have been taken to promote multilateral programs of coordinated procurement, research, development, and production of defense articles and urges that such programs be expanded to the fullest extent possible to further the defense of the North Atlantic Area. CHAPTER 2—MILITARY ASSISTANCE
503. GENERAL AUTHORITY.—The President is authorized to furnish military assistance on such terms and conditions as he may determine, to any friendly country or international organization, the assisting of which the President finds will strengthen the security of the United States and promote world peace and which is otherwise eligible to receive such assistance, by— (a) acquiring from any source and providing (by loan, lease, sale, exchange, grant, or any other means) any defense article or defense service; (b) making financial contributions to multilateral programs for the acquisition or construction of facilities in foreign countries for collective defense; (c) providing financial assistance for expenses incident to participation by the United States Government in regional or collective defense organizations; and (d) assigning or detailing members of the Armed Forces of the United States and other personnel of the Department of Defense to perform duties of a noncombatant nature, including those related to training or advice. SEC.