Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 98 Part 2.djvu/567

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PUBLIC LAW 98-000—MMMM. DD, 1984

PUBLIC LAW 98-450—OCT. 4, 1984

Public Law 98-450 98th Congress

98 STAT. 1727

An Act

To amend title 17 of the United States Code with respect to rental, lease, or lending of sound recordings.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SHORT TITLE SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the "Record Rental Amendment of 1984".

Oct. 4, 1984 [S. 32] Record Rental Amendment of 1984. Copyrights. 17 USC 101 note.


SEC. 2. Section 109 of title 17, United States Code, is amended— (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections (c) and (d), respectively; and (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following: "OXl) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), unless authorized by the owners of copyright in the sound recording and in the musical works embodied therein, the owner of a particular phonorecord may not, for purposes of direct or indirect commercial advantage, dispose of, or authorize the disposal of, the possession of that phonorecord by rental, lease, or lending, or by any other act or practice in the nature of rental, lease, or lending. Nothing in the preceding sentence shall apply to the rental, lease, or lending of a phonorecord for nonprofit purposes by a nonprofit library or nonprofit educational institution. "(2) Nothing in this subsection shall affect any provision of the antitrust laws. For purposes of the preceding sentence, 'antitrust laws' has the meaning given that term in the first section of the Clayton Act and includes section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act to the extent that section relates to unfair methods of competition. "(3) Any person who distributes a phonorecord in violation of clause (1) is an infringer of copyright under section 501 of this title and is subject to the remedies set forth in sections 502, 503, 504, 505, and 509. Such violation shall not be a criminal offense under section 506 or cause such person to be subject to the criminal penalties set forth in section 2319 of title 18.". COMPULSORY UCENSES; ROYALTIES

SEC. 3. Section 115(c) of title 17, United States Code, is amended by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively, and by adding after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph: "(3) A compulsory license under this section includes the right of the maker of a phonorecord of a nondramatic musical work under subsection (a)(1) to distribute or authorize distribution of such phonorecord by rental, lease, or lending (or by acts or practices in

15 USC 12. 15 USC 45.

18 USC 2319.